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16th century
The Pietà

32 000 €

Floris van Wanroij Fine Art

19th century

2 500 €

Antiques Prové

11th to 15th century
Head of John the Baptist

38 000 €

Old World Wonders

Ancient sculpture

Whether made of stone, wood, terracotta, marble, or bronze, sculpture is a millennial and historical art. Reflecting developments in humanity, sculpture had an essentially decorative, monumental, and religious purpose. Carved works were based on modelling a material and then creating a mould and cast, or carved directly into the material (stone, wood, and marble). Archaeological discoveries have provided evidence of sculpture from the Upper Palaeolithic Period (30,000 BCE). During this era, representations were exclusively of female figures made of clay or ivory.

The art of sculpture has developed over many styles and epochs, and has employed many innovative representational techniques. The sculptor exploited the elegance of the material, the mastery of volumes, and the refinement of curves to open up new creative avenues.