Cornelis van Poelenburgh (Workshop of)
17th century Dutch school
Oil on panel, 40.8 cm x 27.5 cm
19th century stucco frame, gilded with gold
Bacchanals were religious festivals celebrated in antiquity. In the Greek and Roman world, bacchanalia (Latin: bacchanalia) were celebrations linked to the Dionysian mysteries in honor of the god Bacchus or Dionysos (divinity of the vine and wine), during which people drank without measure. The priestesses who organized these ceremonies were called Bacchantes. The primitive celebrations were exclusively feminine and came from the original cult of the god Pan.