Antonio Calza (Italy, Verona, 1653 – 18th April 1725)
Battle between Christian and Turkish cavalry with castle
The painting depicts a battle between Christian and Turkish cavalry. Characterized by dynamism, intensity of color and light, the main scene occupies the lower horizontal section of the canvas. On the left, in the background, beyond the white and grey smoke of the clash, you can see the towers of the walls of a castle. In the foreground, lifeless bodies, wounded horses and scattered weapons and a drum enhance the drama of the clash.
The excitement and expressive force, the intense chromatic range attentive to the conditions of light and the fine brushstrokes, decisive and dramatic, suggests the attribution to Antonio Calza, one of the most important painters of battles of the seventeenth century, excellent student and continuator of the greatest interpreter of the genre, Jacques Courtois called Il Borgognone (Saint-Hyppolite 1621 - Rome 1676).
The genre of battle painting found great success in the collections of the Italian and European nobility of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Certain documents relating to the life and movements of Antonio Calza are scarce. Antonio Calza was born in 1653 in Italy, in Verona, he studied in Bologna and Rome. Much appreciated by the nobility and the bourgeoisie, he received numerous commissions and embarked on a flattering career. He died in Verona on 18 April 1725.
Calza immediately, while assimilating the lesson of Il Borgognone, develops a personal style, based mainly on its unmistakable lively and bright chromaticism, characterized by red and blue ringing, and on casual figurative freedom. Its material drafting is quick and immediate, often with subsequent finishing. The work in question presents the peculiar stylistic characteristics of Calza’s painting.
The drafting of the work’s expertise is underway and new images will be inserted shortly.
We apologize for any errors in translation from Italian.