Jacques-Philippe Caresme was a French painter of the 18th century famous for his bacchanalian scenes with nymphs and satyrs. He was admitted to the Academy in 1766 and exhibited at the Salons between 1767 and 1777.
Our artist was inspired by Greek and Roman mythology by painting a light scene in an idealized nature. He depicts a player of the aulos, a double-reed flute, accompanied by two seated female musicians holding a tambourine. In the foreground, a bacchante and a young satyr dance to the rhythm of the music.