18th century Spanish school, Portrait of Anne of Austria (1601; 1666), Queen of France after Frans Pourbus the Younger
Linen canvas 64 cm by 53 cm
Old frame 82 cm by 72 cm
Our painting was painted by an 18th century artist. He was inspired by the works of Frans Pourbus the younger (1570; 1622) with in particular the portrait painted in 1616 and Bartolome Gonzales Y Serrano (1564; 1627) who himself was inspired by Pourbus for his paintings of Anne D 'Austria
Anne D'Autriche, Infanta of Spain and Portugal, Queen of France and Navarre then regent of the kingdom, wife of Louis XIII and mother of Louis Dieudonné, future Louis XIV was born in 1601 in Valladoid in Spain and passed away in Paris in 1666.
She was only 10 years old when her mother, Queen Marguerite died at the age of 26 giving birth to her 8th child. Despite the sorrow, she took care of her brothers and sisters and was very quickly betrothed and then married to Louis XIII at the age of 14. Their relationship was not easy and it was not until his 37th year that the future Louis 14 was born, then his brother Philippe.
The queen is often represented in a Spanish dress, I would say ... covered from head to toe and then suddenly she is represented with wide necklines. This radical change is explained by the Spanish influence which lasted until 1617. Until then, the queen was surrounded by a court of a hundred Spanish ladies. The political situation changes, Louis XIII takes over his mother Marie de Medicis and here is, among many other consequences, the ladies in Spanish attire asked to pack their trunks. The queen is now surrounded by French ladies with wide necklines, for the record ...
Louis XIV had great esteem and even admiration for his mother. He will never forget that without her, without her courage and clairvoyance, especially during the troubles of the Fronde, it would have been very difficult for him to ascend the throne.