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The Louis XVI bergère (chair with closed arms)

An indispensable form of seating in the age of Louis XVI, the bergère was the most comfortable fauteuil of its time. Made from walnut, or lacquered or gilded beech, it was wider and more enveloping. With a thick feather cushion on the seat, it has set-back padded arms that are aligned with the forelegs and terminate in volutes. During the reign of Louis XVI, the base was fluted, in a spiral or colonette. It is linked to the seat rail by a join cube adorned with a rosette or a daisy.

The ‘gondola’ bergère and the confessional bergère have continuous in-filled ears. The backrest is a medallion (round or oval) shape, slightly coved (en cabriolet), or à chapeau, a model typical of the Louis XVI style: arched with the arch springs indented. The backrest is adorned with a pine cone, a balloon (montgolfière), racket, a sheaf, or a lyre.