Shepherds in a landscape
Oil on canvas
Signed and dated (18)50 lower right
PROVENANCE: Private collection
View : H. 29,5 cm (11 2/3 in.), L. 45,5 cm (18 in.
A student of Constantin and Granet who took him to Rome in 1829, he also frequented the painters of Barbizon such as Diaz and Rousseau and turned definitively to landscape painting in the south of France. Director of the Ecole des Beaux Arts de Marseille from 1845 to 1863, he reconsidered artistic teaching (the painter Guigou was one of his students) and excelled as a painter of Provencal landscapes. He excelled as a painter of Provençal landscapes. His worked paste as well as his workmanship fit very well with the dry and chalky landscape of Provence.
Until the middle of the 19th century, the landscapes that represent the region have no specificity, no common character - apart from the geographical ones - that allow to recognize more particularly a landscape of Provence than a view of Flanders. Everything changed in 1845 with the arrival in Marseille of the painter Emile Loubon (1809-1863). The contacts established during his training in Paris with the masters of Barbizon such as Diaz, Flers and Troyon... influenced his conception of landscape. His curiosity for a wild and true nature, his observation in the open air replace a nature of convention, artificial and recomposed. Back home, Loubon made it the basis of his teaching at the city's School of Fine Arts. He becomes the animator of the artistic life, establishes a regular salon which exposes and confronts the paintings of his pupils and his Parisian friends. Corot, Rousseau, Harpignies, Millet and many other artists such as the Orientalists, exhibited and painted in Marseille. "Under his impetus, a school of landscape painters developed with Loubon as their master and Provence as their workshop," explains Jean Roger Soubiran, author of an excellent catalog on the subject. The exaltation of this land has moreover its correspondence in literature. Frédéric Mistral is the poetic representative with his movement, the Félibridge, exalting the Occitan works.
"Dictionary of painters, sculptors drawers and engravers". E. Benezit. Ed. Gründ, Vol.6
Museums preserving his works:
Museum of Aix en Provence
Museum of Fine Arts of Marseille
Museum of Monpellier
Museum of Rouen
Museum of Martigue
20 000 €
13 000 €