Juan Pablo Salinas Teruel (Madrid, 1871 – Rome, 1946), La Boda (The Wedding), oil on canvas, 29 by 503?4 in. Indistinctly signed “Pablo Salinas” and inscribed “Roma” (lower right).
St. Louis Private Collection since 1999.
Richard Green, London.
Sale “Important 19th Century European Paintings and Sculpture”, New York, Sotheby's, October 23, 1997, lot 154.
Juan Pablo Salinas Teruel was a Spanish painter who worked most of his life in Rome. He was born in Madrid and studied at the San Fernando School of Fine Arts in Madrid, before joining his brother Augustin Salinas in Rome, at the age of sixteen. There, he attended classes at the Chigi Academy and at the International Circle of Fine Arts.
Salinas’s artworks are varied. He painted medieval and orientalist scenes but remained better known for eighteenth-century costume pieces within luxurious settings, such as the painting La Boda (The Wedding). Pablo Salinas was also part of the artistic movement called constumbrismo, which faithfully reflected Spanish everyday life. For this reason, many of his paintings held by famous private collections (Mariano Bellver Collection in Seville and María Cristina Masaveu Peterson Collection in Oviedo) are placed on long term loans to Spanish public museums.
La Boda represents a wedding banquet in a detailed and fanciful style. The artist places the festive gathering in a luxurious setting. At the entrance, an antique statue in full length greets the newcomers. Heavy red hangings and two paintings with ornate frames decorate the walls. The center of attention is the newly married couple, seated precisely under a crystal chandelier. The joyful assembly is made up of men and women of all ages, dressed in elaborate
eighteenth-century costumes with powdered wigs. This domestic genre composition reminds us of the historical paintings by French painter Ernest Meissonier who had a similar minute technique. Pablo Salinas may have seen Meissonier’s paintings while in France. As a successful painter, he was selected to present Spring (Le Printemps) at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1890.
The detailed description of fabrics and of light variations renders the virtuosity of Pablo Salinas (such as the mirror effect of the floor, the bright gilded wooden furniture, the sparkling of jewelry and crystal glasses or the reflections on goldsmithery). The sumptuous embroidered taffeta and gauze highlight both female and male silhouettes.
The painting belongs to a remarkable serie of paintings by
Pablo Salinas, executed at the turn of the century, on the
theme of the sacrament of marriage, that culminated in the
presentation at the 1900 Paris Great Exhibition of The Toast
(A la santé des époux). The painting was very popular judging
from its engraved reproduction published in French mass
magazine Le Monde Illustré. The furniture represented is similar to that of La Boda. As an avid collector of furniture and antiques, Pablo Salinas accessorized with them his own paintings.
During his lifetime, Salinas’s brushwork was particularly admired among art collectors in Italy, Central Europe, Russia and America. Nowadays, Pablo Salinas' artworks are still very much appreciated worldwide, featured in the sale catalogs of great art dealers (such as Richard Green) and of major auction houses.
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