Large (150cm) and rare "sauteuse" chest of drawers, in violet wood veneer.
The amply curved frontage crossbow opens with three drawers in two rows.
The drawers are decorated with a St Andrew's cross curling while the crosspieces are decorated with brass grooves and the low crosspiece, finished with a scalloped lamp base.
The thick butted uprights taper on the way down to bring lightness to the base, imitating the thighs of an animal.
The feet and crosspieces are connected, on the front and on the sides, by subtle “bat wing” spandrels.
The sides with very pronounced curves in "S" are plated in diamond points, they present a powerful rear projection, with an effect reinforced by the plating in descending chevrons.
Very beautiful ornamentation of original bronzes finely chiseled and gilded with mercury including nervous rockery falls with flower decorations, handles in windings of ribbons imitating Chinese pagodas, entrances in acanthus leaves or even clogs in lions' paws .
Thick original Aleppo breccia marble top, with double moldings, which perfectly matches the contours of the furniture.
Softwood frame, oak drawer interiors.
The two uprights stamped with the monogram “ID” *.
Very good condition, very thick and very bright veneer.
Parisian work from the Louis XV period around 1740, produced under the direction of Pierre IV Migeon. *
Height: 90 cm; Width: 149 cm; Depth: 68 cm
* Our chest of drawers is indisputably an order from the cabinetmaker and merchant Pierre IV Migeon (1696-1758) to one of his subcontractors, as was the case abundantly throughout the career of the famous merchant, who enjoyed significant success international, could no longer fulfill all of his orders himself.
His style is recognizable at first glance, the play of light of a monochrome geometric veneer, the ample curves, the archaic regency style, the breccia marble of Aleppo with double moldings or the very particular bronzes which sign his work. .
An in-depth research on this ornamentation confirms this hypothesis.
Indeed, we will find the bottom of the lamp or the keyholes on many pieces of furniture of the famous merchant but it is especially the scraps, particularly beautiful and rare that we only meet on two other dressers, both signed "Migeon".
A lacquer chest of drawers on display at the Museum of Decorative Arts in Paris.
A chest of drawers in stamped floral marquetry on display at the Louis Vouland museum in Avignon
* The monogram "ID" is given by specialized literature as being the stamp of cabinetmaker Jacques Denizot (1684-1760), but this cabinetmaker does not appear in Pierre Migeon's account book, which prompted us to undertake research into the origin of this attribution.
It finds its source in the work of Count de Salverte "The Cabinetmakers of the 18th Century: Their Works and Their Marks".
On page 93, devoted to this stamp, he writes “We could attribute the mark opposite to him, corresponding to these initials”.
This attribution therefore has no particular basis if it is not the only compatibility with the initials of Denizot.
In reviewing Migeon's collaborators, an extremely attractive hypothesis appeared to us, with the possibility of attributing this mark to cabinetmaker Jacques Dubois.
Not only the initials "ID" correspond to him (the J is written I in the 18th), he collaborated enormously with Migeon (he is referenced in the account book and several pieces of furniture bearing their two stamps are known), but especially the line, the shapes, the bronzes of the three cited chests of drawers, are extremely close to his other creations.
The handles of our chest of drawers are, moreover, completely atypical, and of a taste close to the bronzes of the flat desk known as "Vergennes" which is kept in the Louvre and which bears the stamp of the two great cabinetmakers, Dubois and Migeon, side by side. .
The Comte de Salverte probably ruled out this possibility because of the knowledge, still limited at that time, which wanted a cabinetmaker to correspond to a single stamp, even though the I.DUBOIS iron was already known.
However, we recently know that many cabinetmakers affixed monograms before 1743 and then changed iron following the new statutes of the Jurande which required the affixing of a distinct registered mark, which was not possible with simple initials.
This is notably the case of François Mondon who will sign "FMD" at the start of his career, then "MONDON" from 1743.
Our hypothesis is reinforced by the rarity of the monogram “ID”, (barely five pieces of furniture known, all of great quality and all of Migeonnesque shapes), Jacques Dubois is received master inn 1742 is only one year before the change of the statutes of Jurande, which could explain this extreme rarity.
The chronology of his brand could therefore be as follows: without brand as a free worker until his mastery in 1742, “ID” for the years 1742/1743, “I.DUBOIS” for the years 1743 to 1751 then “ I.DUBOIS ”accompanied by the hallmark of jurande“ JME ”until the end of his career.
New discoveries, on furniture or in the archives, may allow us to definitively elucidate this enigma, as was the case with the BVRB stamp.
Our opinion :
Regency-style chests of drawers are particularly rare in the "sauteuse" version and often correspond to the years 1730-1740, that is to say at the beginning of the reign of Louis XV.
This decade will see lighter pieces of furniture appear, with thinner more arched legs, while retaining the power of the Régence decorative repertoire.
Our chest of drawers with large dimensions and rare bronzes, does not come from a mass production like many chests of drawers, it is to be stored among the ceremonial furniture made to order, according to a design by an ornamentalist.
As for the majority of extraordinary pieces, the photos unfortunately cannot reflect the magnificence and opulence of our furniture, only a face to face allows to experience this emotion, which makes the heart accelerate when we find ourselves in the presence a perfectly balanced piece of furniture, a symbol of the genius of 18th century French cabinetmakers.
12 000 €