Portrait of Elisabeth-Charlotte d'Orléans (Mademoiselle de Chartres), niece of Louis XIV, daughter of the Duke of Orléans known as Monsieur and of Charlotte-Élisabeth of Bavaria; Duchess of Lorraine by her marriage to Leopold I.
The young princess is portrayed at mid-height, turned three quarters.
Carrying her head high, her hair is styled a la Fontanges, her heavy mass of black hair is positioned on several floors, adorned with garlands of pearls. Two curls framing the forehead, the slightly elongated face, the mouth with rounded lips sketching a half-smile. Her fresh complexion and full cheeks indicate the young age of the model.
She is wearing a white silk satin dress, with an oval neckline edged with fine lace. Her dress is embroidered with gold threads with fleur-de-lis and winding patterns. Its sleeves are rolled up and tightened above the elbow by a ruby ??set in gold.
Clipped to his shoulders, a blue velvet coat embroidered with fleur-de-lis in gold thread, it is lined with ermine fur. This royal mantle is a sign of her status as a princess of blood.
Her figure dressed in her pearly white dress stands out against a gray-green background. The contrast thus obtained accentuates the depth and brings volume to the figure.
Very beautiful execution, with precise touches for the details of the costume, the skilfully modeled face, the harmony of the colors associated with a modulated lighting.
Oil on canvas, workshop of François de Troy (1645-1730)
Carved and giltwood frame with floral corners, Louis XIV period
Dimensions: h. 76 cm w. 54 cm
: h. 96 cm, l. 74 cm
Our work is known through several identical portraits with the exception of the format (mid-thigh) kept in the various public and private collections.
Oil on canvas ; h. 129 x 87 cm, Galerie Sabauda, ??Turin, Italy
Oil on canvas ; reduced size, modello, h. 47 cm x 38 cm, France, private collection
Oil on canvas ; h. 102 cm x 82 cm, Haroué castle, AuctionArt sale, 06/15/2015, lot no.5 (sold € 31,249)
We can assume that the original portrait was commissioned by King Louis XIV or her mother Elisabeth of Bavaria, prior to her marriage with Duke Leopold I of Lorraine (1698). François de Troy and his workshop then executed the replicas intended for the princess's family, probably before her final departure from Versailles.
François de Troy (1645-1730)
French portrait painter, from a family of Toulouse artists, was trained in Paris in the studio of Claude Lefebvre, who taught him the profession of portrait painter. This explains the sure technique and the serious atmosphere of his works. De Troy is an heir to the French tradition: his art is imbued with realism and restraint. The sober layout (the subject is seen halfway up, usually seated) and the dark background allow the emphasis to be placed on the face and hands. Very famous in his time, he abandoned history painting very early on and became director of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. First employed by Madame de Montespan, he then painted several portraits of the royal family in the years 1680-1690. However, it was a few years later that he gave the full measure of his art, when he worked in the service of the Dukes of Maine and their brilliant court of Sceaux. He will also be the portrait painter of the royal family of England, exiled in France at the castle of Saint-Germain-en-Laye from 1689. He will also be called upon several times by the Parisian aldermen for religious commissions. His son Jean-François (1679 - 1752) collaborated with him at the end of his career before taking up the torch and perpetuating the family glory.
Élisabeth-Charlotte d'Orléans, granddaughter of France, known as “Mademoiselle de Chartres”, then “Mademoiselle” as the eldest of the granddaughters of King Louis XIII, member of the House of France, born September 13, 1676 in Saint-Cloud and died on December 23, 1744 in Commercy, is the daughter of "Monsieur" duke of Orleans and brother of Louis XIV of France, and of Elisabeth-Charlotte of Bavaria, princess Palatine; she married the Duke of Lorraine and Bar Léopold Ier. She assumed the regency of the Duchies for her son retained in Vienna from 1729 to 1737 then was invested in the principality of Commercy for life.
If she could not marry her daughter Élisabeth-Thérèse to Louis XV, she is, by her son, François, husband to Marie Therese of Austria, is the grandmother of Marie-Antoinette and ancestor of all Hasbourg-Lorraine dynasty.
CHARLES-GAFFIOT (Jacques), La Cour de Lorraine en ses meubles (1698-1766) découvertes inédites, Paris Ed Jacques Charles-Gaffiot, 2008
Brême Dominique, François de Troy 1645-1730, Editions Somogy, Editions d'Art, Paris, 1997.