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Seated Zeus or Sarapis, circa 2nd century A.D.
Seated Zeus or Sarapis, circa 2nd century A.D. - Ancient Art Style Seated Zeus or Sarapis, circa 2nd century A.D. - Seated Zeus or Sarapis, circa 2nd century A.D. -
Ref : 88245
12 500 €
Period :
BC to 10th century
Provenance :
Roman Empire
Medium :
Marble
Dimensions :
L. 5.91 inch X l. 7.09 inch X H. 10.24 inch
Ancient Art  - Seated Zeus or Sarapis, circa 2nd century A.D. BC to 10th century - Seated Zeus or Sarapis, circa 2nd century A.D.
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Seated Zeus or Sarapis, circa 2nd century A.D.

PROVENANCE
European Private Collection, 17th/18th Century, based on restoration techniques
Private Collection, Paris
French private collection, acquired from the above in 1977 (Sotheby’s, New York, June 7th , 2012, no. 71, illus.)
Belgian Private Collection

This god would have once forcefully held a sceptre in his hand, hence his identification as Zeus or Sarapis. He is seated on a throne and draped theatrically in a chiton. His right foot, knee, forearm and shoulder, left arm, and head were formerly restored, as can be observed from the remaining pin holes, drilled especially to insert the marble restorations.

In the history of classical art, one of the most prevalent representations of Zeus is in the seated position. The iconography of this particular pose in fact perfectly represents the majesty of Zeus, father and lord of all deities and of humanity. The Greek sculptor Phidias created the most renowned depiction of the god - the famous gold and ivory seated colossus, once located in the central nave of the Temple of Zeus in Olympia. No longer in existence, in antiquity it was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

This statuette could also be identified as the god Serapis. His cult was introduced in Egypt in 300 BC, and the god carries characteristics remarkably similar to those of Hades and Zeus. Being seated on the throne with a scepter in one hand like Zeus brought him even closer to the most powerful deity.

A notably similar sculpture is part of the permanent collection of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, identified as a Statuette of Sarapis, inv. no. I-832.

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Cavagnis Lacerenza

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Ancient Art