This painting is by the hand of Peeter van Bredael, one of his early works. Only a few allegory's and historical paintings are known made by him.
Our painting represents an allegory of the Gods, Jupiter, Vulcanus, Juno and Neptunus.
The most likely date is about 1650.
The painting is on oak panel, framed in a 17th century style frame measuring 48 x 58 cm.
The work clearly shows influences by the artists Kerstiaen de Keuninck and the Valckenburgh family.
Peeter van Bredael (1629–1719) was a Flemish painter specializing in market scenes and village feasts set in Italianate landscapes. In his early years he was also a history painter. He was born in Antwerp in 1629 and baptized on 19 July 1629 as the son of Peter and Maria Pais. He entered the workshop of David Rijckaert III on 20 January 1640 and studied there for four years. He traveled regularly abroad. It is known he travelled to Spain and France. Although there is no evidence for a stay in Italy, the inclusion in his landscapes of Roman ruins and architecture indicate a possible visit to Italy. Upon his return to Antwerp in 1648 he married Anna Maria Veldener, the daughter of the prominent sculptor Jenijn Veldener. The couple had eight children of whom three, Jan-Peeter, Alexander and Joris became painters. Several of his grandchildren such as Joseph van Bredael, Jan-Pieter van Bredael II and Jan-Frans van Bredael were also painters. Van Bredael did not work as a free-master until 1651, the year in which he became a member of the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke . He also joined the local civil militia ‘de schutterij’, where he obtained the rank of captain. His pupils included his sons Jan-Peeter I, Joris and Alexander, Hendrik-Frans van Lint and Ferdinandus Hofmans. He died in Antwerp and was buried on 9 March 1719. Pieter van Bredael is mainly known for his scenes of Roman cattle markets amidst often ruins from Antiquity, illustrating various aspects of everyday life, some history paintings and battle pieces. He also depicted village festivals, processions and Comedia dell’Arte scenes. He is known to have copied battle scenes of the Dutch painter Philips Wouwerman.
We like to thank Dr. Jan de Maere for studying this painting, a certificate made by him dating March 2021 is available upon request.
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