Chandelier with zephyrs attributed to Ravrio, Paris circa 1810
Rare chandelier in gilded bronze and cut crystal.
Spherical-shaped model composed of a globe with two hemispheres in Mont-Cenis crystal * cut into a diamond point and surrounded by a bronze frame with tori of palmettes extended by six busts of zephyrs.
In the guise of little loves with spangled wings, our personifications of the wind support the finely decorated bobeches with both hands.
The crystal globe ending in a "pin" and surmounted by a twisted brandon water lily at the top.
The three chains of suspensions with articulated rings adorned with delicately openwork friezes.
The bronze ceiling light finely decorated with palm leaves and lotus flowers.
Very beautiful original mercury gilding with a matt and shiny double patina.
Very good condition, tiny chips on the edges of the cups.
Parisian work from the Empire period circa 1810 by Antoine Ravrio for bronze and the Manufacture de Crystals de Mont-Cenis for glassware.
Height: 106 cm; diameter: 54 cm
For an almost similar model Fraysse et associés sale March 24, 2010, lot 225 (29,000 euros)
* Ravrio, Antoine André
Born in 1759 in Paris, Antoine André Ravrio is a renowned bronze maker of the 18th century and of the Empire. He is also a poet and a writer. Socialite man and member of the bourgeoisie of his time, he created a clientele within the literary societies he frequented. Received as a master founder in 1777, he set up his workshop in 1790. He supplied furnishing bronzes for the crown's furniture repository but also for the main court cabinetmakers like Beneman or Riesener. It was under the Empire that its success reached its peak, supplying bronzes for the imperial palaces of Napoleon, for the Empress, Joachim Murat, Louis Bonaparte, Eugène de Beauharnais ...
* The Montcenis crystal factory was founded in Sévres in 1781, then the royal treasury bought the domain from the Duke of Orleans for Queen Marie-Antoinette in 1784.
The establishment of MM. Lambert et Boyer then took the name of Manufacture des crystals et enaux de la Reine.
In 1787, 60 people remained at the crystal factory, but following a decision by the State Council, the Manufacture des Cristaux was transferred to Le Creusot, near Montcenis, in Burgundy.
After a few journeys and a shutdown of the ovens during the revolution, the manufacture resumed its activity and resumed growth under the aegis of its new administrator Benjamin-François de la Douespe du Fougerais (1766-1821).
The manufacture received two awards at the French Industrial Products Exhibitions, in 1801 and 1802.
From 1806, it became the main supplier of glassware to the Empress and then took the title of "Manufacture des Cristaux du Montcenis de S. M. l'Impératrice".
Fougerais then provided abundantly the house of the Emperor, Queen Hortense, Murat ... and even exported its chandeliers, glass sets, cups, etc. to other European courts.
He collaborates with the greatest bronziers of his time such as Thomire, Ravrio or Galle.
Our opinion :
With its magnificent original crystals, the chandelier we present perfectly illustrates the collaboration between the great bronzers and glass artisans during the period of the Empire.
The beginning of the 19th century saw lighting becoming more democratic thanks to the use of an industrial crystal which replaced the expensive and rare rock crystal.
Discovered late in France at the end of the 18th century, the addition of lead in the glass indeed makes it possible to produce a very hard crystal, of great transparency, extremely brilliant and particularly suitable for faceted cutting.
This material which can compete, once cut, with the brilliance of precious stones will be used extensively under the Empire, to decorate services and tableware, but also to reflect brilliantly the candles of the important gilt bronze chandeliers.
This bronze / crystal association will be so successful that it will no longer be limited to lighting and will invade all areas of the decorative arts.
Real specialized brands will emerge, in particular under the arcades of the Royal Palace, with the famous “crystal staircase” which will go as far as selling bronze and crystal furniture, including the most beautiful example, the toilet of the Duchess of Berry. is kept in the Louvre museum.
Our chandelier has a very remarkable and high quality bronze frame, but in our eyes, the great value of the original crystals is also important and perfectly symbolizes the "Gold and Diamond" association desired by the great ornamentalists of the empire for the imperial palaces.
Price : on request