C. KELDER (active circa 1685–1715)
Portrait of Philips Otto van Coeverden, Lord of Rijssel (c.1634–1690)
Oil on canvas, 71 x 55 cm (28 x 21.7 inch); presented in a modern carved and gilt frame of 17th-century model
Ir. E.A. Baron Van der Capellen, Zutphen (Van der Capellen collection no. 12); anonymous sale, Christie’s, Amesterdam, 17 November 1994, lot 10, repr.; private collection, Italy
E.W. Moes, Iconographia Batava: beredeneerde lijst van geschilderde en gebeeldhouwde portretten van Noord-Nederlanders in vorige eeuwen, Amsterdam 1897, no. 1632
Philips Otto van Coeverden was born around 1634 in Huis Stoevelaar in Goor as the second son of the aristocratic Borchard Jacobsz van Coeverden, Lord of Stoevelaar, and Anna Catharina Ripperda, whose father Unico owned Castle Weldam.1 He married Anna Sophia van der Capellen in 1667, whose portrait was originally paired with our work (fig.).2 Both portraits remained with her descendants until the twentieth century. As his elder brother Jacob, ‘Landdrost’ of Twenthe, inherited the family estates, Philips Otto pursued a military career, a path chosen by many younger sons of noble families. From 1678, Philips Otto was Colonel of the 1st Batallion of the 6th Regiment Infantry, a Regiment founded by John van Wijnbergen in 1632.3
Three children were born to the noble couple: Alexander Hendrik (b. 1673), Borchard Gooswijn Heijdenrijk (b. 1678) and Anna Cornelia Isabella van Coeverden (1668–1730), who married Baron Godert Philips van Lynden d’Aspremont. Philips Otto died in Bergen (Mons) in Henegauwen in 1690.
Very little is known about the artist C. Kelder, not even his first name.4 He appears to have been mostly active as a decorative painter: a room in Deventer was painted by him in 1712, including the ceiling and chimney. A handful of portraits is known, including two works dated 1710 in the Museum De Waag in Deventer, representing Willem Herman Elberti and his wife Hester Geertruida Jacobsen.5 Kelder also painted a portrait of Philips Otto’s daughter Anna Cornelia Isabella (fig.).6
1. See Anneke Koers, De oude landadel Van Thije en Van Coeverden, Enter 2019, pp. 54-55.
2. Canvas, 70.5 x 55 cm; signed lower left, possibly identical with Moes, op. cit., no. 1472; anonymous sale, Christie’s, Amsterdam, 17 November 1994, lot 10, repr.
3. H. Ringoir, Hoofdofficieren der Infanterie van 1568 tot 1813, The Hague 1981, p. 101.
4. U. Thieme and F. Becker (eds.), Allgemeines Lexikon …, Leipzig 1907-1950, vol. XX (1927), p. 84.
5. Both canvas, 95 x 75 cm, inv. nos. 158 and 159.
6. Canvas, 57 x 50.5 cm, inscribed on the verso ‘A.C.I. VAN COEVERDEN / TROUWT / G.P. v LYNDEN / 1729’; private collection, The Netherlands, descended in the Van Lynden family, RKD images no. 246584.