Pair of patinated and gilded bronze candelabras representing women draped in the antique style carrying an oil lamp on their heads from which three bobeches emerge. The candelabras rest on an octagonal granite base decorated with a chiseled and gilded bronze rod.
The motif of the oil lamp appeared in the early 1780s, a motif that can be seen on a preparatory drawing attributed to P.P Thomire (collection of the Musée des arts décoratifs - Paris)
This motif will be used on torches present at the Palace of Saint-Cloud in 1805 then in the inventory of 1807: two pairs of torches, triangular feet, decorated with sphinxes, carrying on their heads a round sheath decorated with figures surmounted by a antique lamp, all gilded in matt gold. (1)
There were many bronzers during the Empire period: Thomire, Galle, Ravrio, Feuchère, Lefèvre, to name only the main ones. They manufacture for the French market, but since the end of the 18th century demand in Russia has been very high. The Russian nobility called on intermediaries like the merchants Lesage and Ruspini to buy the bronzes they needed to furnish their palaces. But the prohibitive customs duties for imports resulted in the creation of bronzes factories like that of Bergenfeldt which competed with the best French bronziers.
Claude Galle (1759-1815) one of Thomire's competitors under the Empire was a source of inspiration for bronzes factories in Russia, as we can see on a pair of candelabras kept at the Hermitage museum in Saint Petersburg .
This oil lamp motif is present on some of the works of Cl.Galle as evidenced by this description of objects that he presented in 1819:
Galle-manufacturer of bronzes and gilding rue Colbert n ° 9 - objects presented at the exhibition of 1819:
A pair of figure candelabra carrying on their heads an antique lamp with three spouts and cornets with old man's heads in each of their hand. The bases decorated with moldings and ornaments are in Italian cherry. High 29 p ° price: 850 francs
This pair of candelabras can be attributed to the bronze maker Claude Galle and made for the Russian market at the beginning of the 19th century.
1- Marie-France Dupuy-Baylet, l'heure, le feu, la lumière, les bronzes du mobilier national 1800-1870, éd. Faton, 2010, n° 117, p.212. Ces candélabres sont donnés au bronzier Lefèvre
12 500 €
Price : on request
Price : on request