EUR

FR   EN   中文

CONNECTION
Louis XIV in front of palace of Versailles, workshop of A.F. van der Meulen
Louis XIV in front of palace of Versailles, workshop of A.F. van der Meulen - Paintings & Drawings Style Louis XIV Louis XIV in front of palace of Versailles, workshop of A.F. van der Meulen - Louis XIV in front of palace of Versailles, workshop of A.F. van der Meulen - Louis XIV
Ref : 87246
Price on Request
Period :
17th century
Provenance :
France, Paris
Medium :
Oil on canvas
Dimensions :
l. 63.39 inch X H. 50.39 inch
Paintings & Drawings  - Louis XIV in front of palace of Versailles, workshop of A.F. van der Meulen 17th century - Louis XIV in front of palace of Versailles, workshop of A.F. van der Meulen Louis XIV - Louis XIV in front of palace of Versailles, workshop of A.F. van der Meulen
Baptiste & Lenté

16th to 19th century furniture and works of art


+33 (0)6 45 88 53 58
+33 (0) 6 64 42 84 66
Louis XIV in front of palace of Versailles, workshop of A.F. van der Meulen

Rare oil on canvas depicting King Louis XIV with his court on a hunting trip on the heights of Versailles.
The view is taken from the hill of Satory and offers us a rather ingenious bird's-eye view.
In the foreground, the scene is framed by two trees and bordered by ditches, it takes place in relative partial shade where you can see part of the courtyard going up a winding path.
In the middle, on a mound, a pyramidal construction made up of three figures catches the eye, it is bathed in a soft light that has passed through the vegetation.
It depicts King Louis XIV directing operations and showing the direction to take to two of his hunting officers.
As the horses who barely stop their races show, the scene is sketched from life, one can even see with their red eyes, the magnitude of their last efforts.
Positioned at the top of the triangular construction, the king dominates his subjects, he is the only one to be presented from the front, in full light.
Richly dressed in a gold-embroidered doublet with braid and lace frill, he wears a feathered hat and wears a small mustache.
The representation is particularly neat, it is rich in details, we can see the shining iron of the horse bits, feel the softness of the red velvet of the character from the back or observe on the facial features of the character on the right, the great attention that 'he carries to the orders of the king.
In the background, the view of the spectator is drawn to the great plain below where the town of Versailles and its castle are set in full light.
Here too the painter gives us many details with great care, we can clearly see the paths and arches of the garden as well as the red brick architecture with the bluish slate roofs of the castle.
The latter, U-shaped, consists of a central pavilion with two wings in return and represents the area as it was visible at the end of the reign of Louis XIII, i.e. after the end of the tutorials. by the architect Philibert Le Roy in 1633 who replaced the old hunting lodge from the 1620s with a much more spacious residence.
However, the first works of the Sun King are already visible, the white balusters that surround the castle correspond to the moats that the King had dug in the early 1660s.
The large meadow that separates the two main stages is also worth dwelling on, because the young Flemish painter portrays many characters there.
Like the miniaturists of his native country, he places here or there a child running after his dog, a couple of walkers… as well as the rest of the court which observes the royal hunting party.

Oil on canvas, very good condition.

Workshop of Adam Frans Van der Meulen *, Paris c. 1664-1668.

Louis XV style carved and gilt oak frame from the 19th century.
Dimensions:
Framed: h. 128 cm, l. 161 cm
Canvas: h. 95 cm, l. 128 cm

Provenance: Private collection, United Kingdom

Similar work: Oil on canvas at the Palace of Versailles (Inventory No. MV 725)

Bibliography: “Adam-François Van der Meulen, Flemish painter in the service of Louis XIV” by Isabelle Richefort, Dexia edition, pp. 86 and 87.

* Adam Frans Van der Meulen is a French painter of Flemish origin born in Brussels 1632 and died in Paris 1690.
A pupil of P. Snayers, he was admitted to the Brussels guild in 1648. In 1664, he arrived in Paris, where Le Brun employed him as a landscape painter at the Gobelins, then above all as "painter of the king's conquests". As such, he accompanied Louis XIV in several campaigns, during which he executed a number of sketches, views of towns, landscapes, various studies.
Van der Meulen, received at the Academy in 1673, was one of the main animators of the Gobelins factory, to which he supplied drawings, models, and numerous boxes. Many of his compositions have been reproduced in tapestries or in paintings executed by his workshop, notably by the Martins. His battle paintings usually place a scene in a raised foreground against a carefully painted panoramic background, where the spots of uniforms, the smoke of gunpowder seem to blend into the landscape. Landscape designer, Van der Meulen plays a big role in the history of French painting by renewing an old Flemish tradition, but which had been obliterated by the influence of the classical landscape of Poussin and Claude Lorrain.

Our opinion :

After the death of Cardinal de Mazarin in 1661, the young king intends to govern alone, as an absolute monarch.
Our canvas represents precisely those years when he will assert himself as the Sun King, by implementing an ambitious policy which aims to place France at the center of the world.
His craziest project will be the construction of the most beautiful palace ever created.
The venture seemed impractical, but the man who is already nicknamed Louis the Great will overcome all the constraints to build the Palace of Versailles in the middle of this marshy and inhospitable area.
Our painting represents a hunting scene, but while the pharaonic work is about to begin, it is the future royal castle that is highlighted.
It should be noted that until this period Van der Meulen worked mainly for the Gobelins factory under the direction of Charles le Brun.
From then on the career of the young Flemish painter will be launched, the young king who particularly appreciates these compositions crunched on the spot or he illustrated himself as the absolute chief will order workshop copies of this series to serve as door covers in the various residences. royal.
From then on the career of the young Flemish painter will be launched, the young king who particularly appreciates these compositions crunched on the spot or he illustrated himself as the absolute chief will order workshop copies of this series to serve as door covers in the various residences. royal.
Van der Meulen demonstrates on our canvas his talents as a great colourist and offers in this wide panorama all the qualities which enabled him to obtain the honorary title of painter of the king’s battles.
But above all, our work is a moving and rare document representing the ancient Palace of Versailles as it was in the time of King Louis XIII.
Very few of Van der Meulen's early works have come down to us, the Palace of Versailles keeps the first version while the Louvre museum exhibits the view of Vincennes which comes from the same series.
Our painting, found in England, was probably commissioned at the studio to adorn the royal residences before taking the route from emigration to the revolution.

Baptiste & Lenté

CATALOGUE

17th Century Oil Painting Louis XIV