Rare lacquered screen candle holder with a bronze frame decorated with Saxon porcelain flowers.
The Chinese lacquer bowl in vermilion red color surrounded by bronze.
It is finely decorated with gold and copper powder from a flowering shrub on a small mound.
In the middle of the bowl an openwork bronze bobèche emerges from a small reserve in black lacquer.
On the side, the bronze hanging system is delicately scalloped and finely engraved; it is decorated with gilded brass branches ending in multicolored flowers in Saxony porcelain.
A small circular mound decorated with a bunch of grapes serves as a support for the snuffer.
This conical shape is also embellished with a brass branch terminated by two porcelain flower buds; it is attached to the upright by a small chain.
Very good state of conservation; original mercury gilding and porcelain flowers.
Parisian work from the Louis XV period around 1750 attributable to the merchant merchant Lazare Duvaux. (1703-1758) *
Height: 24 cm; Diameter: 16cm
Collected after the war by a great Italian antique dealer in Turin.
His private collection then by descent.
Our opinion :
Called a bed or screen candlestick in the 18th century inventories, this type of light made it possible to wash and dress by candlelight which could be suspended on a seat cross member, screen or simply on the edge of a mirror or a bed.
These pieces, made of rare and precious materials such as oriental lacquer and Saxony porcelain, were assembled by Parisian merchants and reserved for an elite of the nobility.
Unlike other corporations, merchants haberdashery are "sellers of all things doing nothing" as Diderot explains so well in his encyclopedia.
They do not produce anything but assemble the different productions, some of which are imported from distant parts of Asia such as China or Japan.
Their contributions to the decorative arts under the old regime are very important because it is they who make fashion by offering original creations.
Among the five or six large haberdashery merchants of Paris, the king's jeweler Lazare Duvaux specialized in this type of object which mixes oriental lacquers (of which he is one of the biggest suppliers) and gilded bronze frames decorated with flowers in porcelain from Saxony.
His Livre-Journal mentions this type of piece, which he delivers in August 1749 to the Paris financial collector Mr Boulogne de Préninville under number 308: “A bed candlestick with a lacq tray, garnished in gilded bronze with ground gold, with the extinguisher ”or in December 1753 for Mme de la Bauve under number 1659:“ A bed candlestick, lacq tray, gilded ground gold fittings, garnished with flowers ”
The Marquise de Pompadour, who was one of Duvaux's most loyal clients, also owned a copy which is described in 1764 in her inventory after death:
under the n ° 1362: "a bed candlestick, lacquer garny gilded bronze with ground gold, prized 15 pounds".
The book-diary tells us that during the decades 1748-1758, Lazare Duvaux only delivered a handful of screen candlesticks and always for very important figures.
This type of candlestick was rare from the 18th century and very few have come down to us, especially in red lacquer and in good condition.
Our model is perfectly representative of the "Pompadour taste" which marks the apogee of the decorative arts under the reign of Louis XV.
The delicacy of the frame, the rarity of the materials and the purity of the design make this candlestick a leading decorative piece, but much more than a simple object, our chandelier illustrates the French art of living, with the great beginning of fashion and luxury which will help to make France shine around the world.