Banko pottery teapot with polychrome birds decoration in relief on a natural background imitating a basketry resting on a saddle. Different birds decorate the edges of the teapot, the neck of one of them and the tail of another forming the passersby of the handle, a duck with outstretched wings and a large beak forming the spout.
Banko pottery is a type of Japanese pottery originating from Yokkaichi (Mie prefecture) in central Japan. Banko pottery has existed for 270 years, far beyond teapots and kettles. It was first created by a wealthy merchant named Nunami Rouzan in the mid-18th century. He was passionate about the Way of Tea and wanted to create his own pottery to dedicate it to this passion. When this type of pottery started to be noticed, the Banko pottery was officially born. This name derives from the expression bankofueki which he stamped on each of his creations, and which means "constancy of eternity". With this signature, he hoped that his creations would be appreciated over many generations. But his art became popular long after his death.
The dark, rusty colors so characteristic of Banko pottery are due to both the mixture of red and yellow clay rich in iron, and the firing of the clay pieces. A low level of oxygen and incomplete combustion allow the ceramic kiln to give a firing more comparable to a traditional kiln. This type of firing results in a variation in the permissible colors due to the furnace temperatures and the amount of oxygen present. The decorations are simple, and are made while the clay is still wet. The most frequent motifs are pine bark and flowers. Banko pottery is often cut to let the light pass through. Most Banko pottery is fired this way, but some pieces are glazed to give a different touch and rendering.
Signed at the base " Banko Hori Tomonao tsuku " (??????), " Banko made by Tomonao Hori". Tomonao Hori contributed to the recognition of Banko pottery in the West.
Japan –Meiji era (1868-1912) – XIXth century
Height : 11,6 cm (4,57 inch) – Diameter : 13,1 cm (5,16 inch)