Ivory Panel - The Siege of Breda (1624) - South Germany circa 1780.
Important carved ivory panel depicting the Siege of Breda (1624)
The siege of Breda took place during the Eighty Years' War under the reign of Philip IV of Spain. The siege began on August 27, 1624 and lasted more than 9 months, the city not surrendering until June 5, 1625.
The bust at the top left represents William of Nassau, known as the Silent
The figure at the bottom left represents Maurice the second son of Guillaume de Nassau who died in 1625
The bust at the top right represents Albert of Habsburg (died 1621), son of Emperor Maximilian II, decorated with the Order of the Golden Fleece.
The figure at the bottom right represents Isabella of Austria who ruled the southern Netherlands on behalf of the King of Spain, and who was very pious in her Catholic faith (hence the insistence on crucifixes, one as a pendant around the neck and the other as a rosary in the hand
We have on each side of the panel, the two warring parties in the battle of the center: on the left the Protestant Dutch: Maurice and Guillaume de Nassau; right: the governors of the Catholic Netherlands (roughly now Belgium). The battle would be between the death of Albert (1621) represented as deceased above, and that of Maurice de Nassau in 1625. There were several battles between these two dates opposing the Dutch to the Spaniards, especially sieges which ended. to Dutch defeats, for example the siege of Bergen-op-zoom in 1622, or that (made famous by the painting by Velasquez) of Bréda in 1625 which began during Maurice's lifetime, but which ended with a surrender after his death. At the bottom of the central panel, we observe troops which seem to be occupying a city, and it could therefore be one of these two aforementioned cities.
The coat of arms, the top one represents that of the victors (hence the eagle of the Holy Empire, since Albert was an imperial prince), and the bottom one represents the vanquished, Maurice of Nassau.
Dimensions: 103 cm x 55 cm x 11 cm
Southern Germany around 1780
Declaration receipt n ° FR2009304249-D
2 400 €
23 000 €