Pair of 18th century hunting horn sconces, attributable to Edme-Jean Gallien.
Rare pair of large finely chiseled and mercury gilded bronze sconces with two sconces.
Model with decorations of fall ribbons entwined with oak branches, a wreath of ivy and two hunting horns tied together.
Hunting horns acting as sconces and concealing the bobeches.
Below, a pair of castanets attached to the central ribbon which ends with two tassels of spinach seed trimmings.
Very good state of conservation.
High quality original carving and gilding with a matt and shiny double patina.
French work from the Louis XVI period attributable to the bronze maker Edme-Jean Gallien * or to his successor Pierre Bureaux (born in 1728).
Height: 65 cm; Width: 36 cm; Depth: 20cm
Pavlosk Palace-Saint Petersburg Russia
* Edme-Jean Gallien (1720-1797) is a bronzier from a dynasty of goldsmiths.
In 1750 he provided the bronze garniture for a chest of drawers to the merchant-mercer Lazare Duvaux and a few years later he produced the bronze cases for two clocks, one for the bedroom of King Louis XV in Compiègne the other for his cabinet. advice to Fontainebleau.
Supplier to the Prince of Condé, he retired in 1771 by selling his business to Pierre Bureaux.
The inventory of the sale of his workshop on February 6, 1771 mentions models of wall lights to be compared to the wall lights that we present:
Another strong arm three branches with hunting body and branches of ivy: .. 300 pounds.
An arm with two branches with strong knots of ribbons: ...................................... 150 books.
A pair of three-branched crowbar arms.
Finally in 1774, Pierre Bureaux, his successor, delivered the wall lights described below for the living room of the Château de Chessy:
"More provided a strong pair of arms with two hunting bodies tied together with a scarf which makes the cocoon in hault falling down in two parts with tassels of spinach model made expressly with the exceptions of the bodies"
Our opinion :
Pairs of wall lights with hunting decor are particularly rare on the market, especially in this size.
Our model is described precisely in the archives of the bronzier Edme-Jean Gallien, the knotted hunting horns, the branches of oak, ivy and even the nature of the threads of the "spinach seed" trimmings acorns allow us to attribute it with certainty the paternity of the model.
The oak leaves adorned with acorns on our pair of wall lights, comparable to that found on the clock to the glory of King Louis XIV kept in Versailles and produced by the master foundry, allow us to better appreciate the extreme quality. of carving of our pieces, identical to that of a royal commission.
If the archives of 1771 tell us that the master had several versions in stock when the workshop was sold and that his successor delivered others a few years later, we do not know the date when he developed the first model.
Great supplier of bronzes to Louis V de Bourbon Condé (1736-1818), it is very likely that he delivered a version of this model to him previously, or even that the prince was the original sponsor.
Let us recall the great passion for hunting with hounds of the princes of Condé and the presence of the large stables in their domain of Chantilly, which were the largest in France after that of the king at Versailles.
The model, associated with venery, a great French tradition, will be very successful, and will be still appreciated under the Empire, with a variant delivered by the bronzier Claude Galle for the Salon of the apartment of Her Majesty the Empress on the first floor. floor of the Petit Trianon: under n ° 91 “four 5-light mantelpieces with attributes and hunting horns in chiseled and gilded bronze”.
Price : on request
Price : on request
2 800 €
24 000 €