Italian painter of Turin, late 18th century
Four paintings depicting “bambocciate” and pastoral scenes
These four paintings, made in oil on canvas, by a painter active in Turin (north of Italy) at the end of the eighteenth century depict “bambocciate” and pastoral scenes.
“Bambocciata” is a genre of painting intended to represent, with figurative vivacity and animated effects of light and color, popular street scenes, taverns, market, gypsies, in open contrast with the great official baroque painting. It spread widely throughout the eighteenth century and in Piedmont, among the major exponents we remember Pietro Domenico Ollivero (Turin, 1679 - 1755) and Giovanni Michele Graneri (Turin, 1708-1762).
In these works we can observe popular scenes set outdoors in the countryside. In a canvas, during a picnic some women and men entertain themselves while drinking wine while a girl drinks milk from the goat. In another canvas is again described a scene of outdoor bivouac, where chicken and red wine are served from a large barrel on the left. Slightly in the background a woman goes on a swing, helped by a boy who holds the rope. The painter then delighted to describe, in the following canvas, a comic scene, in which, during a meeting in the green of a group of women and men, one of them, climbed on a tree, falls to the ground with the breaking of the branch. The last canvas depicts two couples of lovers sitting outside in the company of sheep and puppies; a gentleman alone and on the sidelines looks melancholy. This work is stylistically closer to the genre of pastoral painting of French taste, of which among the greatest representatives was François Boucher (1703 - 1770), whose works were widely diffused through engravings and inspired by many painters. In this case, the closeness to certain compositions of Boucher is evident and suggests that the author knew the genre and was inspired to make this work.
The author of the canvases should be sought among the Piedmontese painters active in the second half of the eighteenth century in Turin (north of Italy) because stylistically it has obvious proximity with artists such as the aforementioned Graneri, Angela Maria Pittetti called Palanca (about 1690 - 1763), Francesco Antoniani, Carlo Pascale d'Illonza (Cavalier Pascal), Giovanni Domenico Arnò.
The moulded and shifted shape of the loom suggests that the canvases were originally placed as a doorway in the courtly rooms of a noble palace. Very decorative, characterized by pleasant subjects, can now be placed in any environment, exposed together, individually or two to two.
Historical and artistic studies are currently underway to identify the hand of the painter.