Beautiful oil on canvas in oval shape representing the great Dauphin Louis de France * at mid-bust.
He wears a beautiful red velvet jacket embroidered with gold, a lace jabot and proudly wears the blue scarf and the cross of the order of the Holy Spirit.
Very good condition, period gilt oak frame.
French work from the Louis XIV period around 1670-1675.
Frame: Height: 53 cm; Width: 45 cm
Canvas: Height: 39 cm; Width: 30 cm
* Louis de France known as the Grand Dauphin (1661-1711)
Eldest son of Louis XIV and Marie-Thérèse of Austria, he had for governor the very severe Duke of Montausier - who served, it is said, as a model for Molière for his Misanthrope - and for tutor the grandiloquent Bishop of Condom, then of Meaux, Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, assisted by Pierre-Daniel Huet. He was a diligent student, but received an education that taught him more obedience to his father than the art of ruling the Kingdoms. His tutors, on the other hand, gave him a taste for antiques (medals, inscriptions, sculpture). Monsignor had started collecting around 1681, he was then twenty years old, and besides porcelain, he particularly appreciated gems. He was assisted in this matter, from 1680 until his death, by his advisor the famous silversmith Philippe van Dievoet known as "Vandive" (1654-1738), officer of the King's Wardrobe, attached to the person of the Dauphin.
With a gentle and placid temperament, a legacy of his mother Habsburg of Spain, he played his role discreetly, affirming that the education he had received had forever disgusted him with intellectual effort. He passed for a man of little intelligence, which remains to be demonstrated. The chansonniers nicknamed him "Gros Gifflard".
He married Marie Anne Christine of Bavaria on March 7, 1680 and loved her dearly, although she was of a sickly and whiny temperament and of a pessimistic and sullen character. They had as children:
Louis (August 6, 1682 † February 19, 1712), Duke of Burgundy;
Philippe (December 19, 1683 † July 9, 1746), Duke of Anjou, King of Spain under the name of Philippe V;
Charles (July 31, 1686 † May 5, 1714) Duke of Berry.
Widowed in 1690, he secretly married in 1695 his mistress Marie-Émilie de Joly de Choin (1670-1732), lady-in-waiting to his favorite half-sister, the Dowager Princess of Conti, whom the latter had dismissed.
Indeed, while being the mistress of the Dauphin, Mademoiselle de Choin was the lover of the count of Clermont-Chaste with whom the princess of Conti was also in love. The two lovers believed that they could manipulate the king's two children as they pleased and gain power through them when the Dauphin ascended the throne. The intrigue was discovered, the lovers separated and the count sent to garrison while the Princess of Conti discreetly separated from her maid of honor so as not to offend her brother.
Considered one of the ugliest women of the Court Marie-Émilie de Choin was endowed, according to the Duchess of Orleans, aunt of the Dauphin, with an enormous breast with which the prince played like on timpani. He did not have children from this second union.
Although he also married his mistress, the king did not approve of this union. The Dauphin retired to his castle at Meudon, where a sort of counter-power to the policy of Louis XIV was formed.
Opposed to the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685), he also distinguished himself by his bravery in combat, especially during the War of the Spanish Succession.
Proud of his blood, he is not afraid to claim with unaccustomed vigor for his younger son the Duke of Anjou, the inheritance of the Spanish crown over which his mother had given him rights (1700).
Victim of a stroke in 1701, he died of smallpox in 1711 at the age of fifty, before he could reign. "Son of a king, father of a king, never a king" murmured the court ...