Gold-plated silver cross, Rome, circa 1600. Circle of Antonio Gentili da Faenza( 1519-1609).
The cross is engraved on both sides with foliated scrolls, outlined on the edges by a beaded pattern.
At the four extremities, rich cornerstones, containing agglomerated glass suggesting the attributes of the Evangelists (the eagle of St. John is particularly noticeable). The lower one has been changed for a representation of the Easter Lamb.
The dove and the phylactery are made of silver.
The Christ, in silver plated copper, is to be compared with the work of Antonio Gentili da Faenza and his workshop. He was a goldsmith's son, who reached the highest circles of the society in his time and was received master of the guild of the Eternal City in 1552.
It is difficult to determine, he is inspired by the repertoire of artists such as Michelangelo, Guiglielmo della Porta.
He was commissioned (The Medici, or Cardinal Farnese) to paint many works, including the one considered his masterpiece: the Cross and the gilt silver candlesticks belonging to the treasure of St. Peter's in the Vatican.
Ancient restorations, reinforcements at the back.
On the back, gems are set on the rear of the spandrels. Two are original (peridot?); the two others have been changed.