Madame de Pompadour-French school of the XIXth century after Drouais
Canvas 75 cm by 59 cm
Old frame 88 cm by 69 cm
Our painting is a superb portrait of the Pompadour said to the scabbard after a work by François Hubert Drouais (1727-1775)
Its author is undoubtedly a great artist when we consider with what quality he was painted
Madame de Pompadour
Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, Duchess of Menars, born December 29, 1721 in Paris and died April 15, 1764 in Versailles, Favorite of Louis XV
Daughter of the farmer general François Poisson, she was married in 1741 to the financier Le Normant d'Étioles, from whom she separated in 1745. Very beautiful, cultivated, gifted with artistic talents, she held a brilliant salon. Noticed by Louis XV, she became the titular mistress of the king (February 1745), was created Marquise de Pompadour, then Duchess (1752) and lady of the Queen's palace. Influential in politics, she had Orry (1745), Maurepas (1749), the Count of Argenson and Machault d'Arnouville (1757) dismissed or disgraced and supported Bernis, Soubise, Choiseul. She also played a role in the reversal of the alliances of 1756. Often attacked in pamphlets or songs (fishmongers), but acquired with philosophical ideas, she has the support of writers, whom she receives and protects: Quesnay, Marmontel , Montesquieu, Rousseau and especially Voltaire. Patron, she makes artists work (Gabriel, Boucher, Quentin de La Tour, Van Loo…) for her multiple residences, including the hotel in Évreux (now Élysée) and the castles of Celle-Saint-Cloud and Champs . She helped found the École Militaire (1751) and the Sèvres factory (1756).