Félix Ziem (1821-1911)
Sunrise on the Riva degli Schiavoni, Venice
Oil on panel signed bottom right
Dimensions: H. 24.8 x W. 30.7 inches (With frame: H. 35.4 x W. 41.3 inches)
This work is of beautiful size, made on a support of the finest mahogany which gives it an irreproachable state of conservation. The triangular composition is perfectly balanced between a gondola, a ship and the doges' palace. In the centre, the rising sun illuminates and orients the perspective. The work of the sky is very nuanced, from blue to pink through yellow. In this painting, Felix Ziem worked particularly well on the transparencies of the water, and the reflections of light and sun. This work is presented in its original frame, made of wood and golden stucco, spectacular.
Precursor of Impressionism, Felix Ziem is undoubtedly the most important painter of Venice in the 19th century. Admired by Van Gogh, this visionary artist was able to draw his inspiration from the great Italian masters of the "settecento" who were specialists in the subject of lakes. Felix Ziem imposed a new vision of Venice which lies in the systematic study of its changing light according to the hours and seasons, the reflections and transparencies of the water. His characters and gondolas, treated with a touch of the abstract, show his admiration for Francesco Guardi.
Felix Ziem was a gifted artist: he produced more than 5000 works, seascapes, landscapes, still lifes and flowers, historical subjects... He mastered painting but also watercolour, even if the works on paper are far from reaching oil prices. The most sought-after and highly prized subjects are Venice and Constantinople.
In 1821 Félix Ziem was born in Beaune, of a Croatian father who settled in the Côte-d'Or in 1814, and a Burgundian mother. He studied at the School of Architecture and Fine Arts in Dijon. At the age of 20, he started to be awarded countless prizes and distinctions. In 1841, he moved to Nice, where he received commissions from the city. From 1842 onwards, he travelled to Italy, visited Rome before discovering Venice, which was to be his second home. He will go there several months a year from 1845 to 1892. He worked from his boat, which served as his workshop and home.
Greece, Turkey and the Mediterranean basin, Russia, Belgium, Holland, England, Egypt, Austria, Turkey, Algeria... Felix Ziem never stopped travelling, instinctively seizing the light of each place, capturing the atmosphere of each country.
Friend of all the most famous landscape painters of his time, Ziem lived in Barbizon to paint, there too, on the motif. Then he stayed in his 4 houses, Venice, Martigues, Nice, and Paris where he received awards and honours, officer of the Legion of Honour in 1878. His success and his fortune enabled him to help young artists and to found many charities. The town of Martigues dedicated a museum to Felix Ziem; the Petit Palais preserves Ziem's studio, which he bequeathed to the city of Paris on his death in 1911.
Paris, Musée d'Orsay, Petit Palais...
Marseilles, Museum of Fine Arts; Grobet Labadié Museum
Rennes, Museum of Fine Arts
Roubaix, Museum of Art and Industry
Martigues, Ziem Museum
Beaune, Museum of Fine Arts
Catalogue Raisonné de Félix Ziem by Anne Burdin-Hellebranth, Belgium, 1998.
E. Bénézit, Gründ edition, Volume XIV, pages 899-900.
Price : on request