EUR

FR   EN   中文

CONNECTION
Portrait of Duc d'Orleans, Regent of France, after J.B SANTERRE, 18th c.
Portrait of Duc d'Orleans, Regent of France, after J.B SANTERRE, 18th c. - Paintings & Drawings Style French Regence Portrait of Duc d'Orleans, Regent of France, after J.B SANTERRE, 18th c. -
Ref : 80579
3 200 €
Period :
18th century
Provenance :
France
Medium :
Oil on canvas
Dimensions :
L. 12.6 inch X H. 16.34 inch
Paintings & Drawings  - Portrait of Duc d'Orleans, Regent of France, after J.B SANTERRE, 18th c.
Baptiste Jamez

Fine arts and antiques


+33 (0) 6 62 59 77 70
Portrait of Duc d'Orleans, Regent of France, after J.B SANTERRE, 18th c.

Portrait of PHILIPPE, DUC D'ORLÉANS (Saint-Cloud, 1674 - Versailles, 1723), Regent of France (1715 - 1723). The Regent is shown in bust, three-quarter length, dressed in armor. He wears a delicate lace scarf around his neck and wears the Holy Spirit ribbon. His important curly wig falls elegantly on his shoulders.

First third of the 18th century.

Modern frame in gilded and patinated wood.

Dimensions
• Canvas H. 41.5 - L. 32 cm / H. 16.34 - L. 12,6 inch.
• Frame H. 54 - L. 46 cm / H. 21 - L. 18 inch.


PHILIPPE D’ORLÉANS is the son of MONSIEUR, the only brother of King LOUIS XIV and of ÉLISABETH-CHARLOTTE DE BAVIÈRE, PRINCESSE PALATINE. He was married in 1692 to FRANÇOISE-MARIE DE BOURBON, legitimized daughter of LOUIS XIV and Madame de MONTESPAN. A worthy soldier, the DUC D'ORLÉANS distinguished himself during the War of the Augsburg League, arousing the jealousy of the other blood princes and the king's bastards. Withdrawn from the army by LOUIS XIV, he was recalled during the difficult campaigns of the War of the Spanish Succession, where he distinguished himself.
In 1715 PHILIPPE D'ORLÉANS succeeded in breaking the will of LOUIS XIV, who removed him from the regency in favor of one of his legitimate bastards, the DUC DU MAINE, and became Regent of France, until the majority of LOUIS XV, in 1723.


PORTRAITS OF THE REGENT are very rare and interesting in that they must respond to the problem of legitimizing a power which is not of divine right. We know him of extremely rare sculpted portraits and his painted portraits, like the one presented here, almost all stem from a portrait given by Jean-Baptiste SANTERRE. He represents him in armor, three-quarter length, wearing the ribbon of the Order of the Holy Spirit, holding the baton of command fleurdelisé and girded with the white scarf symbol of this same military command. SANTERRE also features him in armor in his "Portrait du Régent accompagné de Minerve".
The representation of the Regent in armor and king of war allows to place PHILIPPE D'ORLÉANS, protector of the monarchy embodied by the young LOUIS XV. But it is also possible to see in it a way of summoning the iconography of King HENRI IV, his great grandfather and founder of the BOURBONS dynasty, allowing to legitimize the claim of the Regent to the throne thanks to a precedent in the rupture of succession in male primogeniture. This dynastic ambition is further affirmed in "Le Régent vainqueur de la conspiration sous la figure d’Apollon Pythien" by Nicolas DE LARGILLIERE, suggesting that the Regent did not intend to relinquish his authority by the majority of the king.

The portrait delivered by SANTERRE will give rise to numerous reproductions all reinterpreting in a more or less important way the original work, generally in bust, as on the work presented. It will even be used to be part of allegorical compositions depicting the Regent in the midst of a pantheon of virtues paying homage to the strength and the economic and artistic development of the Kingdom he leads.
Above all, this portrait will emerge as a model in the field of engraving, giving rise to a very large production. In fact, King LOUIS XIV and the Dauphin would have been the only people to serve more regularly as a model than PHILIPPE D'ORLÉANS. Professor MAYER lists a hundred engraved portraits of the Regent, some made by English or German artists, of very variable qualities. Most have a diverse iconography, these portraits being intended to be integrated into suites. The information inscribed on these works mainly concerns the rank, but also the bravery of the Regent. Many artists including Marie-Anne HORTHEMELS, François CHÉREAU and Claude DUFLOS are inspired by this work and contribute to the propagation of this image of the DUC D'ORLÉANS. The model given by SANTERRE is predominant throughout the Regency even if the portrait produced by Jean RANC is also frequently used. In 1770, the engraver Jean-Baptiste André GAUTIER-DAGOTY was still inspired by the model given by SANTERRE in order to feature the Regent in his "Gallery of famous men and women who appeared in France".


MUSEUMS

• VERSAILLES, CHÂTEAU, SANTERRE J.-B., "Philippe d’Orléans, Régent, et Marie-Madeleine de La Vieuville, comtesse de Parabère, en déesse Minerve", around 1716, oil on canvas, 248 x 160 cm.
• VERSAILLES, CHÂTEAU, SANTERRE J.-B., after, "Philippe duc d’Orléans, régent de France", around 1717, oil on canvas, 118 x 111 cm.
• VERSAILLES, CHÂTEAU, SANTERRE J.-B., after ; PARROCEL, attr. to, "Philippe, duc d’Orléans, Régent de France, vers 1717", oil on canvas, 46 x 38 cm.
• VERSAILLES, CHÂTEAU, DIEU A., attr. to, SANTERRE J.-B., after, "Allégorie à Philippe, duc d’Orléans, Régent de France, Protecteur des Arts et de la navigation des Indes", 1718, oil on canvas, 106 x 77 cm.
• VERSAILLES, CHÂTEAU, SANTERRE J.-B., after ; HORTHEMELS M.-A.-H., engraver, "Philippe, duc d’Orléans, régent de France , 1715-1723", burin and etching.
• VERSAILLES, CHÂTEAU, SANTERRE J.-B., after ; CHÉREAU LE VIEUX F. , engraver, "Philippe, duc d’Orléans, régent de France , 1715-1723", burin and etching.
• VERSAILLES, CHÂTEAU, SANTERRE J.-B., after ; GAUTIER-DAGOTY J.-B.-A., engraver, "Philippe, duc d’Orléans, régent de France , 1770", mezzotint.
• VERSAILLES, CHÂTEAU, SANTERRE J.-B., after ; DE LESTANG-PARADE J. L., SERRUR H., " Philippe, duc d’Orléans, Régent – Pierre le Grand et le Régent à la revue de la maison militaire du roi, 16 juin 1717", 1836, oil on canvas, 208 x 174 cm.
• PARIS, MUSÉE DU LOUVRE, JAQUOTOT M.-V., "Portrait du Régent, duc d’Orléans", 1821, painted porcelain.
• PARIS, MUSÉE DU LOUVRE, BOIT C., "Portrait du Régent, vers 1717", painted email.
• PARIS, BIBLIOTHÈQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE, BERNIGEROTH M., engraver, "Philippe d’Orléans, Régent", engraving.
• PARIS, BIBLIOTHÈQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE, PICART B., engraver, COYPEL A., painter, "Portrait de Philippe d’Orléans, Régent", engraving.
• PARIS, BIBLIOTHÈQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE, SANTERRE J.-B., d’après, GAUTIER-DAGOTY J.-.B.-A., engraver, "Philippe d’Orléans, régent du royaume, 1770", mezzotint.
• PARIS, MUSÉE DU QUAI BRANLY, "Portrait du Régent, Philippe d’Orléans, entouré d’allégories", engraving.
• CHANTILLY, MUSÉE CONDÉ, SANTERRE J.-B., after, HORTEMELS M.-A.-H., engraver, "Philippe, duc d’Orléans, régent du Royaume", 1716, engraving.
• CHANTILLY, MUSÉE CONDÉ, SANTERRE J.-B., after, CARS J.-F., engraver, "Philippe d’Orléans, Régent de France", 1802, engraving.
• BUSSY-LE-GRAND, CHÂTEAU DE BUSSY-RABUTIN, ANONYME, "Philippe II, duc d'Orléans, dit le Régent", 1st half of the 18th century, oil on canvas, 138 x 108 cm.
• NEW-YORK, MET MUSEUM, VOYEZ F., engraver, "Portrait of Philippe d’Orléans, le duc d’Orléans", 1716, copperplate engraving.
• LONDRES, BRITISH MUSEUM, SANTERRE J.-B., after, DUFLOS C., graveur, "Philippe, duc d’Orléans, régent de France", 1716, copperplate engraving
• CAMBRIDGE, THE FITZWILLIAM MUSEUM, SANTERRE J.-B., d’après, HORTEMELS M.-A.-H., engraver, "Philippe, duc d’Orléans, régent de France", around 1716, copperplate engraving.

Baptiste Jamez

CATALOGUE

19th Century Oil Painting French Regence