Workshop or pupil of Joseph Vernet (1714-1789) - Animated landscape
64 cm by 48 cm canvas
Very beautiful frame carrying the cartridge of Vernet of 78 cm by 62 cm
Our painting seems to have been painted in the years 1760-1770. Evidenced by the holding of the constabulary (lieutenant) which corresponds to this period.
Formerly attributed to Jules Vernet, it is more prudent to talk about his workshop or a student, perhaps Carlo Bonavia who in his work has often covered his skies with this descending cloud so characteristic.
Joseph Vernet (1714-1789)
Claude Joseph Vernet is trained in the South West of France. His masters are Louis René Vialy, Philippe Sauvan and then Adrien Manglard. In 1734, Claude left for Rome to study the work of previous landscapers and marine painters such as Le Lorrain, whose style and subjects are found in Vernet's paintings. He built up a solid international network on the occasion of this trip, and subsequently in Paris via the salons, the Royal Academy and the Masonic lodges.
The cosmopolitan sociabilities that this network generates allow it to deploy its talents of society to launch, deliberately as shown in its book of reason, the fashion of the navies across Europe, in particular by skillfully exploiting the repercussions produced by the largest royal order of paintings of the reign of Louis XV: that, in 1753, of twenty tables of the ports of France.
The King ordered him twenty-four paintings of ports in France to provide information on life in ports; only fifteen paintings will be produced, from 1753 to 1765 (Marseille, Bandol, Toulon, Antibes, Sète, Bordeaux, Bayonne, La Rochelle, Rochefort and Dieppe); some ports are represented more than once. Vernet had been asked to represent on each table, in the foreground, the activities specific to the region. These paintings are therefore real testimonies of life in ports 250 years ago, and make him one of the greatest painters in the navy. They earned him recognition, during his lifetime, by most of the nobles most attached to the navy - thus, the Marquis de Laborde.
Consequently, Vernet can advantageously sell its navies, "at the weight of gold" if one believes Pierre-Jean Mariette. In fact, the list of its sponsors is as varied and international as it is prestigious; it includes, among other famous figures, Catherine II of Russia.
Admirer of Poussin and of Lorraine, from which he resumes the effects of seascapes in the setting sun also declined in the moonlight, Vernet nevertheless managed to create, through hard work, his own style.
It generally represents nature by giving a lot of space to the sky; he also knows how to animate each place with characters and scenes from everyday life. His son Carle Vernet, his grandson Horace Vernet and his great grandson Émile Vernet-Lecomte were also painters. An English painter, Gabriel Mathias, was a broker of Joseph Vernet for Great Britain.