Rare pair of curule-shaped "X" stools * in leafy beech wood.
Model with palm leaves bundles decorations.
Original gilding with double matte and shiny patina.
Perfect state of conservation.
Traditional natural horsehair trim on straps.
French work from the Empire period around 1810, attributable to Jacob Desmalter.
Height: 44 cm; Width. : 51 cm; Depth. : 43 cm
* The curule seat (in Latin sella curulis, from currus, "chariot") is a symbol of power in ancient Rome, on which could sit the magistrates and promagistrates Roman possessing the imperium (power to coerce and punish), that is to say the consuls, the dictators, the masters of cavalry, the praetors, and the curious ailes. According to Plutarch, only the exercise of a magistracy giving right to a curule chair allowed a client to free himself from the tutelage of his boss.
If Julius Caesar was allowed to sit on a curule seat made of gold, it was traditionally made of silver, with the curved feet forming a wide X without backrest or armrests. The seat could not be folded and transported.
It is a kind of stool (and not a chair which has a backrest) formed by two crisscrossed legs on which a piece of fabric is stretched.
The shape of this seat was taken over by the Directoire style at the beginning of the 19th century, notably under the 1st Empire, where Napoleon intended it especially for these marshals.
Such seats are visible in the imperial palaces of Fontainebleau, Compiègne, Malmaison….
* François Honoré Georges Jacob Desmalter between 1803-1813.
He is the greatest French cabinetmaker of the Consulate and Empire periods.
Son of Georges Jacob, carpenter to Queen Marie Antoinette under the old regime, Jacob Desmalter succeeded his father and founded the company Jacob Frères (1803-1813) with his brother.
Success has been met with numerous orders for consuls, the National Assembly, the Senate ... and civilians including Madame Récamier, the painter David ...
The "Etruscan" decor in ebony and pewter inlaid with veneers of lemon and native wood is the great house specialty; the forms are constantly renewed and innovation is permanent.
On the death of his brother Francois Honoré Georges Jacob Desmalter continued alone and allied with the greatest ornamentalists of the time including Percier and Fontaine he supplied most of the imperial palaces in France including Fontainebleau, La Malmaison, les Tuileries, Compiègne but also to the foreign Laeken… In addition to the official characters including the marshals, he supplied the majority of the elite of his time.