Very beautiful sunset on the ancient ruins of the temple of Vesta * in Tivoli.
Oil on paper mounted on canvas.
Very good state of conservation.
Frame in gilded wood type "baguette à la Bérain".
18th century Italian work.
Height: 71 cm; Width: 54 cm; baguette thickness: 3.5 cm
* Temple of Vesta in Tivoli:
The ruins of the Temple of Vesta, which are located on the Tibetan acropolis in Tivoli next to the Temple of the Sibyl, whose view overlooks the Aniene Falls, are now part of the Villa Gregoriana. It is a perimeter rotunda, 14.5 m in diameter, which surrounds its circular cella with one door and two windows, raised on a 2.4 m high brick podium, entirely covered with travertine blocks. The ambulatory surrounding the cella had eighteen columns in a variant of the Corinthian order of which only ten remain.
The Tivoli variant of the Corinthian order has two rows of acanthus leaves and its abacus is decorated with oversized florets in the shape of hibiscus flowers with pronounced spiral pistils. The top of the column flute is flat. The frieze shows festoons of fruit suspended between bucranes. There is a rosette above each festoon. The cornice is devoid of modillions.
In 1682, Antoine Desgodetz published, in the Ancient Buildings of Rome drawn and measured very exactly by AD architect (Paris, 1682), drawings of the Temple of Vesta giving the elevation and the plan and carefully reporting the details of the carved capitals and the frieze. In the following century, the vedutist Giuseppe Vasi and Le Piranèse produced prints and engravings of the temple of Vesta.
Our opinion :
The discoveries of Pompei and Herculaneum in the second half of the 18th century had a strong impact on the European decorative arts.
The views of ancient ruins quickly become fashionable, these imaginary landscapes which sometimes combine very distant monuments on the same view will be called "capriccio", architectural whims.
These populated landscapes are often embellished by a morning light or a sunset for example.
Great Italian painters like Panini will be specialists, in France the painter Hubert Robert will be the greatest representative of this style.
Reinforced by the massive diffusion of Piranese engravings, the temple of Sybille in Tivoli will become one of the symbols of the romanticism of the Italian countryside.
Its architecture will be copied all over the world.
In France, Richard Mique was inspired by the temple of Tivoli for the temple of Love in his Anglo-Chinese garden at the Petit Trianon and Gabriel Davioud for the temple of Sibyl in the Parc des Buttes-Chaumont and that of the island from Daumesnil lake in the Bois de Vincennes.