Enrico FANFANI (1824 - 1885)
Painter of history, he draws his inspiration from biblical episodes and mythological stories. This table, of which there are several versions, is inspired by the literature of voyages to Eastern lands published in the second half of the 19th century in Italy, like the stories of Amalia Nizzoli or Giovanni Brocchi.
With the 18th century encyclopedic spirit, these writers will accurately report all their observations, which will allow painters to have an exact vision of the Orient and to translate it into their paintings.
This table is inspired by a biblical episode taken from the Old Testament, the story of Hagar and Ismael is told as follows:
Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born.
The child grew up, and he was weaned.
Abraham gave a great feast the day Isaac was weaned.
Now Sara was watching Ishmael having fun,
this son Abraham had from the Egyptian Agar.
She said to Abraham:
“Hunt this servant and her son;
because this servant's son
must not share the inheritance of my son Isaac. "
These words saddened Abraham a lot,
because of his son Ishmael,
but God said to him:
“Do not be sad because of the boy and your servant;
listen to whatever Sara tells you,
for it is by Isaac that offspring will bear your name;
but I will also make a nation out of the handmaid's son,
for he too is of your descendants. "
The theme of Hagar and Ismael is inscribed very early on in painting. From the beginning of the 16th century, this theme appeared in Dutch painting, and it would inspire artists such as Corot until the 19th century.
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