Painting, oil on canvas, with dimensions of 105 x 130 cm without frame and of 125 x 155 cm with a marvelous carved and gilded frame from the early 17th century, depicting the real episode of the Rape of the Sabines.
The rape of the Sabines is one of the most ancient events in the history of Rome, surrounded by legend.
According to tradition, Romulus, after having founded Rome, turns to neighboring populations to forge alliances and obtain women with whom to procreate and populate the new city. To the rejection of the neighbors he responds with deception: he organizes a great show to attract the inhabitants of the region and kidnaps their women; Romulus planned the rat to somehow constitute the beginning of the merger between the Romans and the Sabines.
The Roman youth did not take it willingly, so much so that the solution that went ahead was to use force. Romulus, on the other hand, in the third year of his reign decided to conceal his resentment and set up solemn games, called Consualia, dedicated to the god Conso. He then ordered his followers to invite the neighboring peoples to the show: from the Ceninensi, to the Antemnati, Crustumini and Sabini, the latter settled on the nearby Quirinale hill. The goal was to perform a gigantic kidnapping of their women right in the middle of the show. A great number of people arrived, with children (including many virgins and consorts, also due to the desire to see the new city.
Romulus took his place in the crowd and at the agreed signal, together with his men, extracted the swords and captured the daughters of the Ceninenses, Crustumini, Antemnati and the Sabini, letting their fathers flee, abandoning the city, promising revenge, some say that only thirty girls were kidnapped, Valerio Anziate five hundred and twenty-seven, Juba II six hundred and eighty-three, while Plutarch estimates they were not less than eight hundred. he put down the fact that no married woman was abducted, except for Ersilia, whose condition they ignored.The rat was explained by Plutarch not so much as a gesture of pride, but rather as an act of necessity, in order to mix the two peoples.The rat took place on 21 August on the day when the feasts of the Consualia were celebrated.Of the peoples who had suffered the affront, the Ceninensi were defeated first, then the Antemnati, and the Crustumini, whose resistance lasted even less than their allies. Once the military operations have been completed, the new king of Rome ordered that some settlers be sent to the newly conquered territories.
The last attack brought to Rome was that of the Sabines, as Livio and Dionigi of Halicarnassus tell us, who first took the Capitol, with the betrayal of Tarpeia, then engaged the Romans in a very hard battle in the Battle of Lake Curzio. It was at this time that the Sabine women, who had previously been kidnapped by the Romans, threw themselves under a shower of bullets between the opposing factions to divide the contenders and appease their anger. With this gesture both sides stopped and decided to collaborate, stipulating a peace treaty, on the way that for this fact would since then have been called Via Sacra, launching the union between the two peoples with common power and citizenship, associating the two kingdoms (that of Romulus and Titus Tatius), leaving the city where all the decision-making power was now transferred to continue to be called Rome, even though all the Romans were called Curiti (in memory of the native land of Tito Tazio, who was Cures) which saw its population thus doubled.
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