An oil on wood, door oriental scene animated, ( a khan in Cairo) by Théodore FRERE
Charles-Theodore Brother, known as Brother Bey,
Born on June 21, 1814 in Paris, where he died on May 24, 1888
Orientalist painter, history painter, gender subject, animated landscapes, seascapes, watercolours...
His younger brother is Pierre-Édouard Frère, who was a painter of scenes from popular life.
The eldest son of a Parisian music publisher, Charles-Théodore Frère was a student of Jules Coignet and Camille Roqueplan.
After his studies, he travels through France: Alsace, Auvergne, Normandy. His travels in Africa and the Middle East led him to orientalist painting.
Settled in 1836 in Algiers, he left in 1837 with the army for Constantine, taken on 13 October, and did not return to Paris until 1839.
Like his younger brother, he is a prolific painter. He made paintings for the King of Württemberg during this first trip to Algeria. Around 1851, he travelled to the Middle East, visiting Malta and Greece, Egypt and the Ottoman Empire.
He is one of the few painters to represent Beirut, Damascus and Palmyra. Around 1853, he set up a studio in Cairo and became the court painter. The viceroy of Egypt elevated him to the rank of bey. He was promoted to Officer of the Order of the Medjidié of the Ottoman Empire.
In 1869, he was part of the succession of Empress Eugénie who travelled to the East to open the Suez Canal with Narcisse Berchère, Eugène Fromentin, Jean-Léon Gérôme and Charles de Tournemine.
She commissioned a series of watercolours from him, which were not given to the Empress because of the 1870 war and fell to the Marquise de la Puisaye, a friend and also a student of the artist who inherited the entire studio collection upon his death.
- Baltimore, Walters Art Museum: Arabs at prayer, watercolour;
- Boston, Museum of Fine Arts: The Camel; Market scene in Cairo;
- New Brunswick, Bowdoin College Museum of Art: Rue du Caire;
- New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art: Jerusalem: Dahesh Art Museum: The Banks of the Nile, Cairo: An Arab Market Outside Cairo
- Bagnères-de-Bigorre, Salies Museum: The Caravan ;View of Cairo ;
- Bordeaux, fine arts museum: Paysage d'Orient ;
- Cognac, art and history museum: Desert of Palmyra;
- Dijon, Magnin Museum: The Pond at the bottom of the park ;View of a mosque ;The city's surroundings in the morning ;
- Honfleur, Eugène-Boudin Museum;
- Laval, Old Castle Museum: Ruins of Karnac in Thebes;
- Marseille, Fine Arts Museum: The Island of Philae;
- Narbonne, Museum of Art and History: Landscape of Algeria ;Oriental woman at the fountain ;
- Nevers, Frédéric-Blandin Municipal Museum: The Capture of Constantine;
- Paris, musée du quai Branly: Interior of a café in Boyh Deré near Constantinople ;Under the Palms ;Caravan stop in Cairo ;
- Pau, Fine Arts Museum: Entrance of the bazaar in Damascus;
- Reims, fine arts museum: Caravans crossing the desert;
- Rennes, Fine Arts Museum: Rue Macke in Cairo;
- Roubaix, La Piscine, Museum of Art and Industry: The Sultan ;
- Senlis, Museum of Art and Archaeology View of a castle, drawing ;Ruins of a church, drawing ;Ruins of a castle, drawing ;
- Trouville, Musée de Trouville - Villa Montebello: La Plage de Trouville ;
In the United Kingdom
- Barnsley, Cooper Gallery: Café Galata in Constantinople;
- Durham County, Bowes Museum: View of Siout, Upper Egypt;
- Macclesfield, West Park Museum: The Banks of the Nile;
- Sheffield, Sheffield Galleries and Museums Trust: Ferrage à la forge
- Saint Petersburg, Hermitage Museum: View of Constantine.
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