The Lombards (in Latin, Langobardi and Lombardi after the twentieth century except in southern Italy, which will retain the name of Langobardi until the twelfth century) were a Germanic people from the Baltic, belonging more specifically to the group of Germans of the Elbe but native to southern Scandinavia according to their own oral tradition reported by their historian Paul Deacon at the end of the twentieth century. This people, under the leadership of their king Alboin, invaded Italy in 568 until the end of the eleventh century.
The Lombards introduced their own artistic tradition, marked by a Germanic imprint, even if it had itself been influenced by Byzantine elements during their long stay in Pannonia (sixth century). This imprint remained visible for a long time, especially in the ornamental elements of art (symbolism, phytomorphic or zoomorphic decorations). Following their settlement in Italy, it was a vast process of fusion that took shape, between the Germanic element and the Latin-Byzantine, which gave birth to an ever more homogeneous society, which will quickly emerge as properly "Italian" . In such a context, Lombard art means the entire artistic production created in Italy during the Lombard domination, mainly in the first and second centuries, regardless of the ethnic origin (often difficult to establish) of the various actors.
As far as sculpture is concerned, we find the same characteristic simplification of Lombard jewelry, from a few portraits preserved at the Museo del Castello Sforzesco in Milan: these are faces carved in soft ovals, with simple modeling, reduced to essential and incisive. The treatment of the characters is uniform: the faces are elongated and thin towards the chin, always face, the eyes are wide and rounded, the linear drapery, the rigid forms.
Similar characteristics are found in our head, in white marble, from the tiny oval of the face to the roundness of the skull wrapped in a massive braid of hair. All the characteristic elements, eyes, nose, mouth, are concentrated in the center of the face.
H cm 18
L cm 13
Including iron base cm 31
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