Bureau of the Regence period "Bureau to the Dionysiac procession" Attributed to Noël Gérard (1685 - 1736) Paris circa 1725.
A certificate of authenticity will be given to the buyer regarding the time of the office.
The wood and bronzes have been subjected to scientific analysis by CIRAM
Full file on request.
Provenance: Mr & Mrs P.'s collection
This rare regency office represents the Dionysiac procession or Thiase, In Greek mythology, the thiase (sometimes in French feminine: thiase) is the group of creatures who accompany and serve Dionysus (Bacchus). This group is composed of satyrs and maenads (Bacchantes).
Our desk is adorned with ten bronze designs, in addition to the drawer framing nets and the chopsticks on the tray and feet. These motifs are distributed all along the belt: Two busts of the god Dionysus (Bacchus) and two busts of Maenads (Bacchantes) at the top of the feet. Two busts of Boreas blowing in the middle of the short sides, heads of Satyr adorn on both sides the middle of the long sides. These very graceful bronzes and finely carved engraving, recall the work of Noël Gérard.
MATERIAL: Frame fir, drawers walnut; veneer of rosewood and violet wood; gilded bronze; leather.
DIMENSIONS: H .: 78 cm (30 ¾in.); L .: 180 cm (71 in.); Pr.: 100 cm (39 ½ in.)
Flat desk with rectangular tray covered with rosewood and violet opening with three large drawers and which rests on four curved legs. The large tray, rectangular but recessed at the central drawer, is covered with a morocco black color whose edge is embossed. It is surrounded by a molded mold, whose angles are marked by staples adorned with a cartridge centered on an ove and retained by a ribbon from which two oak leaves escape. The belt is covered with a veneer of rosewood leaf in frames of violet wood. It opens from the front with three large drawers. The central one, set back, is underlined by a gilt bronze molding perfectly rectilinear and is adorned with a very beautiful gilt bronze keyhole entrance representing two sphynges leaning against a lamp-base.
Lateral drawers in advance of the previous one have a sinuous lower edge on which runs a gilt bronze rod. The movable handles or hands are formed by two intertwined serpents held by a leafed floret. Lock entries inspired by the motif of corner staples are concealed by a cartridge supported on two volutes of oak leaves. The inner edge of each of these two drawers is adorned with a beautiful applique of a bearded man crowned in gilded bronze representing Borée, the god of the wind. Its upward-looking head seems to be supported by a carved cartouche of rosette braces. The sides of the desk, with the same coating of rosewood and violet, are perfectly vertical but their lower edge which is animated sinuosity draws in the middle a sort of bowl that seems to support the beautiful gilt bronze applique that adorns the ribs . It represents a satyr's head with its bearded and mustached man's head whose hair is adorned with vine leaves and bouquets of straw.
The desk rests on four steep-sided legs whose edges are edged with a gilded bronze rod and the top capped with angular falls also in gilded bronze illustrating alternately two Dionysos and two Maenads with vine branches in the hair . They are shod with foliated scrolls.
Two sphinxes leaned and leaning on a molding in C but which look at each other and are sitting on a small console. In Greek mythology sphinges are monsters that have a female bust on a lion's body. Here the sphinx bust represents a Spanishette with a turned head. The Spanishettes are part of the specific ornaments of the Regency era. They are inspired by the characters of Comedia del Arte drawn by Antoine Watteau. This model of lock entry is present on many Christmas furniture Gérard, Estienne Doirat but also on dressers signed by other cabinetmakers who subcontracted furniture and then affixed their stamp. The dresser of the Carnavalet museum bearing the stamp of Migeon is attributed to Doirat by Sophie Mouquin in his monograph on Migeon.
Noël Gérard worked as a cabinetmaker. In addition to the lock entrance, the dresser has several other bronzes that are found on many of these pieces of furniture. It is probable, however, that he did not contravene the regulations of the corporations by having his bronzes made for his furniture carved in his house. There is indeed reported in the inventory, a state of goods established between Olivier de Rouvray and Louis Regnard both masters engravers in Paris living rue des Arcis, by which Rouvray and Regnard have admitted to have in their hands belonging to the sieur Gérard all fires, clocks, feet of girandoles and others that they would have had to repair and chisel the best for the price brought to said state.
No element allows us to establish with certainty the identity of the designer, The examination of the bronzes allows us to think of the vocabulary used by Noël Gérard, but we also find similarities with Etienne Doirat.
Noël Gerard particularly used the bust of the god Borée in his furniture as the Christmas dresser Gérard (1685 -1736) attributed to the Louvre Museum deposit at the Palace of Versailles, 1937 (payment of the National Furniture at the Louvre Museum, 1901) contrario of his contemporaries who used it in cartels or groups of bronzes such as:
The cartel with console and enamelled dial. Base with a head of Borée under two dragons by Cressent Charles (1685-1768) Chantilly museum of Condé or the group of bronze "Abduction of Orythie by Borée" Castles of Versailles and Trianon.
We also find the hooves volute foliage on a desk bearing the stamp N.G being the initials of the cabinetmaker (sale of 14/12/2016 Pierre Berger - Drouot).
The heads of Satyrs remind us of the work of Andre Charles Boulle; The work of Noël Gérard is adorned with bronzes that he founded in his workshops, some of which are similar to André-Charles Boulle's models, which is not surprising when we know that he acquired on the death of the latter all his stock of bronzes.
80 000 €