Canvas 60 cm by 48 cm
Old frame of 84 cm by 71 cm
Our painting, from the hand of a Dutch artist of the 18th century, takes with talent a great classic of the genre scene of the Dutch Golden Age, after the works of Adriaen Brouwer (1605-1638) and Adriaen van Ostade (160-1685).
The genre scene in the golden age
The genre scenes initiated by Brueghel are mainly representations of outdoor kermesses. Gradually, in the 1920s, this tradition disappears with the representation of activities that are now taking place inside the inn, on a farm or in a barn.
The other evolution concerns the representation of the characters. Even if they always look frustrated, boastful behavior, fun banals, they rather look nice while they were depicted rude and depraved, with inappropriate behavior, all accentuated by a completely burlesque aspect cleverly rendered .
Indeed, the bourgeois (the sponsors of the paintings) hailed the peasantry at that time when cities enjoyed a very important development. They considered that the immorality of the peasants was responsible for their difficulties in opposition to morality, the rules that the bourgeoisie imposed on themselves. They liked to see the peasants represented with such negative connotations.
The inn played a very important social role. The client found there a bright, heated place where you could exchange the latest gossip, play cards, talk about the problems of the moment, drink in company, smoke and sing so-called scandalous songs.
They are very numerous. Note that in 1613, Amsterdam had 518 drinking establishments, which represented about one tavern per 200 inhabitants.
3 100 €