A large vase made in multi-layer glass, with decoration of red water-crowfoot on a yellow background released with the acid.
Early 20th century
height 30 cm
Emile Gallé (1846-1904) is one of the most influential figures of applied art of his time and one of the pioneers of Art Nouveau, founder and first president of the School of Nancy in 1901 .
After learning of the glass business in Meisenthal, and ceramics at the Faience of Saint Clement, Emile Gallé is associated with the trading company and earthenware decorated glassware his father in 1867. He is representing his father at the World Expo 1867 in Paris where he received an honorable mention for glassware and universal and international Exhibition of 1872 in Lyon where he won a gold medal in class 33 (porcelain and crystal ).
His approach is not just theoretical, it is not afraid indeed to learn to blow. It deputy to that good knowledge of woodworking and especially the family passion for the natural sciences and especially for plants that leads to the drawing. It is the student Nancy Dominique-Alexandre Godron, naturalist and doctor. He conducts research on plants, animals, insects. He was elected secretary of the Central Society of Horticulture in Nancy in 1877.
The same year, Emile Gallé takes up the family business and expanding into the cabinet in 1885. Ever noticed the Exhibition of Earth and Glass in 1884, Gallé is devoted to the universal Exhibition in Paris in 1889 by three awards for its ceramics, its glass and furniture(including a Grand Prix for its glass), where he celebrates including the lost provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, and thus develops, through its symbolic decorations, the theme of patriotism. On this occasion, Gallé is an Officer of the Legion of Honor.
From that date, Gallé intensely develops its technical and aesthetic research on the work of the glass, an area in which it develops and creates new manufacturing processes. Its glass are designed in Meisenthal until 1894, when he opened a glassworks which firing took place in May 1894 in his company in Nancy. Research by Emile Gallé in 1898 lead to two patents for "a kind of decoration and patina on crystal" and "a kind of inlaid glass and crystal"by deposition of small inclusions of glass in the molten paste. The pieces are subsequently reworked by etching, the wheel for the most valuable, with hydrofluoric acid to the most common, and its decorators burners releasing a cameo decoration on a double or multilayer glass.
After the death of Emile Gallé in 1904, its glass continues to produce until 1936. Each piece is signed by Gallé with hundreds of variations.