Canvas 64 cm by 52.5 cm
Ferdinand Bol (1616-1680)
Ferdinand Bol was born in 1616 in Dordrecht, a town where his father was a master surgeon.
It is probably in Utrecht that he begins his apprenticeship, under the auspices of Jacob Cuyp. In Utrecht, he could also have for master Abraham Bloemaert. In 1635, he is quoted as "Ferdinandus bol, schilder [painter]" in some documents of Dordrecht, on which also appears his signature. His first dated work dates back to 1642, however.
Before that, around 1635, he left for Amsterdam, where he became an apprentice in Rembrandt's studio. He will remain active in this city until the end of his life. First witness of his stay at Rembrandt, his first name - "ferdijnandus" - appears on the back of a drawing of the master made in the blood around 1636 after a painting by Lastman. As of August 30, 1640, Bol is mentioned as a witness of Rembrandt in a notarial act.
Many of Bol's works will for a long time be attributed to Rembrandt himself, who will also sell paintings of which his pupil was the author. During Rembrandt's visit to Ferdinand Bol, Rembrandt painted a portrait of Rembrandt's father, Balthasar Bol. It was only after the death of his father, which occurred in 1641, that Ferdinand Bol established himself as an independent painter.
In 1652, he is registered as a bourgeois of Amsterdam. In 1653, he married the daughter of a merchant, Elisabeth Dell, and lived in Voorburgwal, southwest of the city, next to the Lening National Bank. In 1655, he became the head of the painters' guild. Ferdinand Bol produces works for the Admiralty of Amsterdam, as well as for the Town Hall (nowadays the Royal Palace of Dam).
In 1660, his wife died, and in 1669 he married Anna Van Erckel for the second time. The couple moved to Keizersgracht No. 472, in a building designed by Adriaan Dortsman, where today is the Van Loon Museum. His second marriage brings him a certain material comfort, so that from that moment, he does not paint more than on very rare occasions. He then takes care of the management of a leprosarium. At the end of his life, he moved to live with his son, Elbert, a lawyer at the Herengracht.
Ferdinand Bol died in August 1680 in Amsterdam. There he is buried in the Zuiderkerk ("Southern Church"), in which one can see one of his works.
They belong to the baroque style. He is one of the "old Dutch masters".
In Amsterdam, after 1650, he was very successful as a portrait painter. He produced portraits of Michiel and Engel de Ruyter, Jacob Van Campen and David De Wildt, among others. His best works date from the period from 1650 to 1669. The portrait of Elisabeth Bas (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam), shows a strong influence of Rembrandt, so much so that it was considered until 1911 as a work of the latter (and still today, some dispute the reallocation of this picture in favor of Bol). We also know some self-portraits.
Around 1645 he changed his style. His work became more pathetic, although the influence of Rembandt remains visible, especially in the application of chiaroscuro and that of color (pink). The light and accessories used are also reminiscent of Rembrandt.
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23 500 €
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