Offered by Galerie PhC
Canvas 65 cm by 55 cm
Frame of 83 cm by 72 cm
Our painting depicts an alleged portrait of Philippe d'Orléans, known as Monsieur brother de louis XIV in 1677 in front of Cassel.
Two possible frames
The battle of Peene, also called the third battle of Cassel, is a major episode of the wars of Holland (1672-1678). This battle opposed the French army to the coalition troops of the United Provinces, Spain, and England. It was delivered on April 10th and 11th, 1677 between Noordpeene and Zuytpeene, two villages located on the right bank of the Peene Becque river, in Flanders, between Cassel and Saint-Omer, the stake being the catch of this last city. The House of the Battle of the Peene relates this event.
The victory of the French troops allowed the attachment to France of the city of Saint-Omer, the castellanies of Cassel, Bailleul and Ypres, until then possessions of the county of Flanders, and more widely of the southern Netherlands of Spain
Pierre Mignard (1612-1695)
First intended for medicine, Pierre Mignard entered in 1624 in the studio of the painter Jean Boucher in Bourges. Back in Troyes, he worked for a sculptor named François Gentil before leaving for Fontainebleau - capital of the arts of the time - where he studied Primatice, Rosso Fiorentino and Martin Fréminet. He paints the chapel of the castle of Coubert-en-Brie for the marshal of Vitry who takes him under his protection and takes him to Paris where he becomes the pupil of Simon Vouet, and meets Charles Le Brun, Eustache Le Sueur and Charles -Alphonse Du Fresnoy with whom he binds himself.
In 1635 he left for Rome where he met Nicolas Poussin, perhaps the painter Sassoferrato and Anna Avolara, daughter of an architect, whom he falls in love with but will marry only in 1660 following obstacles various.
Became famous in Rome, he is naturally remembered in France by Louis XIV in 1657. On the way to Paris, he meets Molière in Avignon with his brother Nicolas Mignard, whose wife had inherited one of the main games of palm of Avignon where the passing troops played. The two men became friends and Mignard began by painting a portrait of Molière intimate (Molière, circa 1658, Chantilly, Musée Condé), a spirit far removed from the one his brother Nicolas had painted some time before (Molière (1622-1673) in the role of Caesar, in "The Death of Pompey", tragedy of Corneille, 1656, Paris, Musée Carnavalet). For his part, in 1669, Molière composed The Glory of Val-de-Grace, a praise in verse of the masterpiece of Mignard, The Glory of the Blessed, fresco decorating the dome of the church of Val-de-Grace in Paris, commissioned in 1663 by Anne of Austria for 35,000 livres. Mignard will keep all his life his friendship to Armande Béjart, widow of Molière.
Mignard shares his career between portraiture - especially with the aristocratic society of the kingdom - and large decorative compositions. He will paint in particular at the Palace of Versailles.
His masterpiece, besides the Val-de-Grace, is the painted ceiling of the gallery of the castle of Saint-Cloud for Monsieur, brother of Louis XIV, completed before the gallery of mirrors of Versailles.
Mignard was in charge of the decoration of the chapel of the Baptism of the Saint-Eustache Church of Paris (1667-1670). These paintings were the counterpart of those of his rival Charles de la Fosse in the Chapel of Weddings. These paintings were destroyed during the construction of the new portal.
In June 1687, he was ennobled by the king who, in 1690 - at the death of Charles Le Brun - named him his first painter, in fact the director of the royal manufactures and made him enter the Royal Academy of painting and sculpture at the Director's position.
He remains one of the most famous French classical painters: a friend of the beautiful minds of his time (besides Molière, let us mention La Fontaine, Racine or Boileau), we owe him portraits of Bossuet, Jacques de Cordon d'Evieu, and Princess Palatine. the Duchesse de Chatillon, the Countess de Fiesque, Julie d'Angennes, Mlle de Montpensier, Mlle de Valois and the Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Mme de la Sabliere, the Duchesse de Brissac, the Duchesse de Ventadour, Madame de Montespan, Madame de Maintenon, Mademoiselle de La Valliere, Madame de Sevigne, Mademoiselle de Grignan, Mademoiselle de Fontanges and Madame de Tencin. He has also painted Louis XIV ten times.
Price : on request