Bronze with nuanced brown patina
cast by Susse Frères - stamped with the founder's seal
late 19th c.
height 20 cm
Aimé-Jules Dalou, said Jules Dalou (1838-1902) was a French sculptor, born craftsmen Glovers Protestants who rise in secularism and love of the Republic.Jules Dalou shows very young donations for modeling and drawing, which earned him the attention of Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, which makes entering in 1852 in the Little School, future National School of Decorative Arts in Paris.In 1854, he was admitted to the School of Fine Arts in Paris, where he studied painting in the workshop of Abel de Pujol and sculpture in the workshop of Francisque Duret. He began to earn his living by working for decorators.It is among one of them begins his friendship with Auguste Rodin.Dalou then produces decorative sculpture for buildings on major Parisian avenues, such as the Hotel de la Paiva, Champs-Elysees Avenue.It comes four times,Daphnis and Chloe, andthe Embroidererat the Salon of 1870, two pieces acquired by the state. Dalou will have a child, Georgette, a girl born with a mental handicap. This is to ensure funding for accommodation in her daughter's life by the Orphanage of Arts that Dalou bequeathed the funds from his workshop in this institution.
After the bloody week of May 1871 Dalou, his wife and their daughter are threatened as Communards, forced into exile and request asylum.They then join England and are greeted by his former fellow student of the Little School, the painter Alphonse Legros.With Legros, very introduced in the City, he made a series of terracotta statuettes inspired by peasant boulonnaises or intimate subjects (reading light, Lullaby), and portraits of the English aristocracy. Modeling became professor at the National Art Training School, its influence is decisive with British sculptors.He receives order from a public fountain in marble titledCharity(1877) near the Royal Exchange in London, and a monument dedicated to Queen Victoria's grandchildren Frogmore located in the private chapel at Windsor Castle.
In May 1874, the Paris War Council condemned to hard labor for life in absentia.Having refused to beg for mercy, it was only in May 1879 after being granted amnesty under the Jules Grevy Dalou as President and his family finally returned from exile.His groupThe Triumph of the Republic, originally planned for the Place de la Republic, is finally erected on the Place du Trone, instead fame of the Nation in 1880. Dalou devoted twenty years to the realization of this monument.The years 1881 and 1882 are difficult, but the 1883 Salon finally revealed to the French public.He exhibits his two high reliefs:The Brotherhood of PeoplesandMirabeau answering Dreux-BrezeFor which he was presented with the Medal of Honor.Fleeing the world and living in family Dalou engages in considerable toil meet many orders both private and public.For the Universal Exhibition of 1889, was inaugurated on the Place de la Nation plaster ofTriumph of the Republiccommissioned by the city of Paris in 1879. Although the bronze version of the group was inaugurated in 1899, this work won the grand prize for sculpture in the exhibition.Dalou leaves the French Society of Artists in 1890 to expose now the National Society of Fine Arts, of which he is a founding member Ernest Meissonier, Auguste Rodin and Pierre Puvis.Named Knight of the Legion of Honor in 1883, and promoted to officer by President Carnot in 1889, he was elevated to the rank of Commander of the same order in 1899 by President Loubet at the inauguration of the monument of theTriumph of the Republic.
Dalou's no time to complete his last great project, amonument to workers(orMonument to the workers), the idea came to him in 1889 after the first opening of theTriumph of the Republic.
The formality of the ceremony and military parades were held the people away from the official event.Dalou were disappointed.True to its republican ideals, he had hoped that this inauguration is an opportunity of great popular democratic party (it was at the inauguration of the bronze in 1899).His idea is to pay tribute to the world of workers, artisans and peasants in their dedicating this work which they constitute the central subject.At the end of his career he described the project as follows: "I think I have finally found the monument to the workers that I seek since 1889. The general provision would Badge of Priapus, god of gardens, emblem of creation, terminal, cradle and grave of the poor, then the plant pipe, prison is going his life.Sober,without molding or ornament, I wish he had severe and imposing, if possible, that the subject has.The I execute?There is the question.I am old and my health is more stupid. "
The numerous sketches of the monument found in his studio after his death are now preserved in the Musée du Petit Palais.The statue of theGreat Peasant(around 1897 to 1902, Paris, Musée d'Orsay) prefigures the characters he planned to place in the sixteen niches surrounding the column, the monument to measure 32 meters high.
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