The armchair is the ultimate type of living room furniture. It is under Louis XV that certain characteristics like convenience and comfort were adapted to an armchair and are still present today.
There was a variety of different types of chairs under the reign of Louis XV because the way of living was an art form. Each particular style of chair was adapted to all sorts of situations. There was clear intent for comfort and convenience to be of priority.
It was popular at the time for armchairs to have curved features including the feet, the sides of the back of the armchair, and the armrests, because it was especially easy to carve the shape out of wood.
During this period, the sinuous line is accentuated. The form of the armchair is emphasized by the trim which can be seen on the feet, apron, and back of the armchair. The armrests are set back about ten centimeters compared to where the front feet are placed.
Armchairs first appear in 1725; they can be characterized by their large seat and closed in sides/armrests. The cabriolet style appears in 1750; the back of the armchair is shaped to follow the form of a person’s back. Since there is a lot of movement in the shape of the cabriolet, it is very difficult to carve.
This armchair is harmonious and has a lot of movement while still being refined. The armrests are slightly set back and in the shape “en coup de fouet”, strike of a whip. The trim is stylized with a wrap effect. Flowers adorn the top rail and apron of the armchair. It stands on four feet that are slightly curved.
Carpenter (specialized in chairs):
Jean-Jacques Pothier worked for about thirty years. His first workshop was located on rue Mazarine, and then he moved to rue de Bourbon-Villeneuve which is today rue d’Aboukir.
He produced a lot of chairs with the highest quality which made him one of the leading masters of Louis XV chair production.
He becomes a master in 1750.
Also, it seems that Georges Jacob and Jean-Jacques Pothier worked together on several commissions. There are chairs similar to the cabriolet that exist and have the stamp of either Jacob or Pothier.
New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Pierre Kjellberg « Le Mobilier Français du XVIIIème siècle, Dictionnaire des Ebénistes et des Menuisiers »