Offered by Galerie PhC
Our painting is a very talented reproduction with variants of the picture painted by Jos de Stieler which can be admired in the Pinacothek of Munich.
The canvas is signed and dated on the reverse
Very good state.
Original canvas (72 cm by 58 cm) signed and dated on the reverse.
Antique frame (90 cm by 77 cm)
Joseph Bernhardt (1805-1885)
A landscape painter and above all, he excels in this field, a portraitist highly appreciated by the high society of his time.
After starting to work alone, he joined the studio of Jos de Stieler to become his pupil. He made a stay in Paris before moving to Munich and founding a school where artists such as Louis Neusletter, Jos Miller, R.Leuchert ...
He painted the Prince of Hohenlohe, King Louis I, Prince Charles and his brother Prince of thurn and taxis, Prince Luitpold of Bavaria ... King Frederick and William IV, Louis II and Maimilien II.
Augustus, Karl, Eugene, Napoleon of Beauharnais de Leuchtenberg.
He was born in Milan on December 9, 1810. He is the third child of Eugene de Beauharnais, son of the deceased Alexandre de Beauharnais and Empress Josephine, adopted son of Emperor Napoleon I, and Princess Auguste de Beauharnais. Bavaria, daughter of King Maximilian of Bavaria and Queen Wilhelmina, born Princess of Hesse-Darmstdat. His father, Prince Imperial Eugene, was then named Vice-King of Italy.
August has two elder sisters Josephine, Duchess of Galliera, born in 1813 who will marry King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway, and Hortense, born in 1808, married to Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Hechingen.
The family then living in Italy grew with the births of Amelia in 1812, Theodelinde in 1814 and Maximilian in 1817.
August and his followers were forced in 1814 to leave the country at the fall of Napoleon. They settled in Munich with the King of Bavaria, father of the Princess Augustus. The latter is headed by his son-in-law Eugene Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstädt with predicate of His Royal Highness for himself and serene highness for his offspring.
August lives in a happy family. He will scarcely know his paternal grandmother the Empress Josephine, who died when he was only four years old and had regained a taste for travel after his divorce, before suddenly contracting a fatal chill.
When he was 14 years old, his father, Prince Eugene, died of a fit of apoplexy, making him the head of the family.
In 1829, his younger sister Amelie married Emperor Pedro I of Brazil. It was under his influence that August's future marriage was taking shape. Emperor Pedro I is a widower in his first marriage and the father of Queen Maria II of Portugal and the Algarve who won his throne after bitter family struggles.
It was thus decided that the young duke of Leuchtenberg, aged 24, would marry the sovereign. The marriage was first celebrated by proxy in Munich on 1 December 1834. August was then titled Duke of Santa Cruz and Prince of Portugal. Religious marriage is celebrated in Lisbon on 26 January 1835. The bride is only 15 years old.
The union will be shortly since Augustus contacts typhoid fever and dies two months after his marriage. Queen Maria II of Portugal remarried the following year with Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg, with whom she would have a descendent.
His younger brother Maximilian (1817-1852) became then the head of the princely house of Leuchtenberg.