Bacchanal with offerings to the bust of Socrates
Oil on canvas (81cm by 66cm; 100 cm by 83 cm with the frame)
The bacchanalia were religious festivals celebrated in ancient times.
Related Dionysian mysteries, they were held in honor of Bacchus, god of wine, drunkenness and misbehavior.
Inspired by the ancient Greek Dionysian festivals in honor of Dionysus, the bacchanalia ceremonies were introduced in Italy to -300, mixed with other Etruscan particular customs.
Originally these festivals were celebrated in secret among women, 16 and 17 March.
These festivals were then held at least three times a year under the supervision of respectable matrons. They became public and were celebrated throughout the Great Greece, Egypt and mainly in Rome. These celebrations, which lasted about 3 to 5 days depending on the region, were primarily focused on theater acting religious ceremony.
They soon served as a pretext to the most extravagant because they evolved in nocturnal orgiastic feasts increasingly frequent disorders (up to 5 times per month had a bad reputation because of public drunkenness and sexual license they provoked.
Filippo Lauri (Rome 1623 - id. 1694).
Son of the Antwerp painter Balthasar Lauwers, was in Rome with Paul Bril, he was trained by his father and his brother Francesco, then by his brother Angelo Caroselli. Especially marked in fact by way of PF Mola, he was "the master born small formats" (H. Voss), religious or mythological subjects (Apparition of a musician angel to St. Francis, Rome, GN, Gal. Corsini), finding a customer to senior Roman society (Colonna, Chigi, Pamphili, Pallavicini) and exporter, according to Pascoli, many of his works to France, England and Spain. True to a whole Flemish thoroughness, he animated his characters some differences of Claude Lorrain and decorated its landscapes several Roman palaces (gal Quirinale, 1656-1657;. Villa of the Duke of Parma, near the Porta di S. Pancrazio; ceiling Palazzo Borghese). He rarely executed large formats (Madonna and holy Rome, G. N., gal. Corsini). It was a picturesque figures in the Rome of the seventeenth century. eager for worldly life, broken mind games and hardworking member of the Academy of Saint Luke (from 1654).
He succeeded very well in the kind Arcadian especially when abandons all allegory to represent a scene of mythology in a landscape. Her dance with satyrs and nymphs around the statue of the god Pan is one of his most successful compositions in this area. Filippo Lauri is in this genre, one of the best painters of his time "D. Bodart, op. Cit.