This sculpture presents the rare arrangement of arms that are movable for use in the Deposito Crucis rite: the taking of the Christ figure from Good Friday Crucifixion publicly off of the cross to then be placed in a tomb atop the altar until removal for the Easter Sunday Resurrection ritual.
This sculpture is notable for the larger size, peaceful countenance of the face of Christ and a confident musculature of the torso. The strong ribcage is most likely inspired by antique Greco-Roman marble statuary and yet the abdominal muscles are elaborated in a way that may belie the early Renaissance study of anatomy from life, perhaps from cadavers.
Baccio da Montelupo, and Benedetto da Maiano come to mind in attributing the present sculpture and the young Michelangelo also made a wood corpus with similar delicate limbs and calm features to the face in 1498 presently located in the church of Santo Spirito Florence. But this sculpture can be confidentally attributed to the Master of Monsanto, a sculptor active in Tuscany and Florence in the late 15th Century.